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BACKGROUND AND METHODS On behalf of the Gynecologic Oncology Group, we performed a randomized trial of radiotherapy in combination with three concurrent chemotherapy regimens -- cisplatin alone; cisplatin, fluorouracil, and hydroxyurea; and hydroxyurea alone -- in patients with locally advanced cervical cancer. Women with primary untreated invasive(More)
PURPOSE Positron emission tomographic (PET) scanning provides a novel means of imaging malignancies. This prospective study was undertaken to evaluate PET scanning in detecting para-aortic nodal metastasis in patients with locally advanced cervical carcinoma and no evidence of extrapelvic disease before planned surgical staging lymphadenectomy. MATERIALS(More)
OBJECTIVES Fixed-dose rate gemcitabine plus docetaxel is active as second-line therapy for metastatic uterine leiomyosarcoma. We sought to determine the activity of this regimen as first-line treatment. METHODS Eligible women with advanced uterine leiomyosarcoma were treated with gemcitabine 900 mg/m(2) over 90 min, on days one and eight, plus docetaxel(More)
OBJECTIVE Conflicting results have been reported for adeno- and adenosquamous carcinomas of the cervix with respect to their response to therapy and prognosis. The current study sought to evaluate impact of adeno- and adenosquamous histology in the randomized trials of primary cisplatin-based chemoradiation for locally advanced cervical cancer. METHODS(More)
Vaginal fibromyomata are rare benign neoplasms; approximately 300 have been reported in the world literature. The clinical presentation is variable and the consistency of the mass on pelvic examination may be misleading. A mass may occur anywhere along the vaginal tube and is usually localized, mobile, nontender, and circumscribed. Its consistency, however,(More)
OBJECTIVE Preclinical models in an ovarian cancer cell line (A2780) demonstrate synergistic activity with the combination of gemcitabine and cisplatin compared to either single agent alone. Platinum resistance is related to expression of excision repair proteins, one of which (ERCC-1) has been identified as playing a critical role in the synergy of(More)
PURPOSE Conflicting results on prognostic factors for advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) have been reported because of small sample size and heterogeneity of study population. The purpose of this study was to identify factors predictive of poor prognosis in a similarly treated population of women with advanced EOC. PATIENTS AND METHODS A(More)
BACKGROUND We evaluated the effect of adding secondary cytoreductive surgery to postoperative chemotherapy on progression-free survival and overall survival among patients who had advanced ovarian cancer and residual tumor exceeding 1 cm in diameter after primary surgery. METHODS Women were enrolled within six weeks after primary surgery. If, after three(More)
OBJECTIVE Doxorubicin-based treatment is standard therapy for metastatic uterine leiomyosarcoma. There is no standard second-line therapy. We determined activity of fixed-dose rate gemcitabine plus docetaxel as second-line treatment for metastatic uterine leiomyosarcoma. METHODS Eligible women with unresectable uterine leiomyosarcoma progressing after(More)
PURPOSE We report the long-term survival and toxicity of a randomized phase III study comparing cisplatin alone with cisplatin, flurouracil, and hydroxyurea versus hydroxyurea concurrent with pelvic irradiation for patients with locally advanced cervical cancer with pathologically negative para-aortic nodes. PATIENTS AND METHODS Comparisons of(More)