Peter G. Fernandez

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The calcium antagonist, nifedipine, was intravenously administered in a cumulative fashion, from 0.5 to 12 mg/kg, to Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) and Dahl salt-resistant (DR) rats which had been maintained on a high (8.0%) or low (0.4%) salt (NaCl) diet. We observed, compared with the DR rats, dose-related and significant (P less than 0.001) falls in the(More)
Thirty-five patients with uncomplicated hypertension were observed for blood pressure behaviour after prolonged antihypertensive medication withdrawal. Twenty-three patients (Group 1) remained normotensive (systolic less than 140 mmHg, diastolic less than 95 mmHg) for over 60 weeks compared to 12 patients (Group 2) who became hypertensive again during a(More)
The circulatory effects of plateau plasma theophylline concentrations of 5, 10 and 20 mg/l were examined in normal male volunteers using forearm plethysmography, systolic time intervals and echocardiography. Systemic arterial and forearm venous pressures were not significantly altered during theophylline infusions. Forearm blood flow increased an average(More)
Elevated intracellular free calcium concentration [Ca2+]i in vascular smooth muscle cells has been implicated in the pathophysiology of hypertension. Platelet [Ca2+]i was measured using the fluorescent indicator, Fura-2, in Dahl sensitive (DS) and resistant (DR) rats given high (8% NaCl) and low (0.4% NaCl) salt diets, as well as in the spontaneously(More)
OBJECTIVE To report a case of a clarithromycin-associated warfarin interaction and digoxin toxicity in a patient. CASE SUMMARY A 72-year-old white woman with chronic atrial fibrillation receiving long-standing therapy with digoxin 0.25 mg/d and warfarin 22.5 mg/wk was prescribed clarithromycin 500 mg three times daily for eradication of Helicobacter(More)
Systolic blood pressure responses to enalapril maleate (MK 421, a new angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (CEI] and hydrochlorothiazide (HTZ) were studied in conscious Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) and salt-resistant (DR) rats maintained on a high salt (8.0% NaCl) and a normal salt (0.4% NaCl) diet. The DS rats were severely hypertensive after 3 weeks on the(More)
Enalapril maleate (MK 421), and hydrochlorothiazide were used to evaluate the control of hypertension and reversal of myocardial hypertrophy in Dahl sensitive (DS) and Dahl resistant (DR) rats given either a high (8% NaCl) or a low salt (0.4% NaCl) diet. Groups of six-week-old male DS and DR rats were treated with enalapril (15-100 mg/kg/day) in drinking(More)
Until recently the possible role of vasodilator systems in the etiology of hypertension has been largely ignored, although deficiency of vasodilator influence could be more important than the presence of vasoconstriction in determining vascular tone. Lower concentrations of urinary kallikrein excretion have been widely indicated in clinical and in several(More)
The Dahl salt resistant (DR) rat maintained on a low, 0.4%, or a high 8.0% salt-diet remained normotensive. The bradykinin (BK) induced falls in the systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) were unaffected (P greater than 0.05) by the presence of indomethacin (5 mg/kg). Indomethacin, however, caused a substantial (P less than 0.001) reduction in the duration of(More)