Peter G D McWaters

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Murine monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) were produced to assist in the identification and characterization of the virus-neutralizing epitopes of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV). Only MAbs that reacted in Western blotting with viral protein 2 (VP2) or immunoprecipitated VP2 neutralized the infectivity of the virus in cell culture and passively protected(More)
The peripheral (draining) lymph node, as the primary site of immune induction, determines the course of systemic responses to an injected antigen. Lymphatic duct cannulation procedures in sheep were used to investigate local immunoreactivity to human influenza virus antigen (Flu ag) admixed with the adjuvant ISCOMATRIX (IMX). Compared to Flu ag or IMX(More)
A large-scale DNA vaccination trial was performed with sheep to investigate whether an antigen targeted by CTLA-4 enhanced and accelerated the humoral immune response. Vaccination with genetically detoxified phospholipase D (DeltaPLD) has been shown to be effective, at least partially, against Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis, the causal agent of caseous(More)
Chickens are highly susceptible to infection by opportunistic pathogens during the first few days after hatching. This observation has generally been attributed to an immaturity of the immune system; however, the mechanisms responsible are not known. This study investigated the ability of T cells from chickens of various ages to respond to immune(More)
DNA vaccination, delivered through various routes, has been used extensively in laboratory animals. Few studies have focused on veterinary species and while results obtained in laboratory animals can often be extrapolated to veterinary species this is not always the case. In this study we have compared the effect of the route of immunisation with DNA on the(More)
Ten monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) directed against three structural proteins of infectious bronchitis viruses (IBV), the peplomer (S), membrane (M) and nucleocapsid (N) proteins, were characterized and used to determine the antigenic relationship between Australian IBV strains. One MAb (MAb 5) was directed against an epitope on the S1 subunit of the(More)
Interferons (IFN) provide a critical first line of defense against viral infection in vertebrates. Moreover, IFN-lambda, a recently identified group of mammalian IFN, has demonstrated antiviral potential in the treatment of mammalian viruses. With the growing concern over such diseases as avian influenza (AI), there is a pressing need for new antiviral(More)
We have constructed a recombinant fowlpox virus (FPV) that expresses chicken myelomonocytic growth factor (cMGF). Administration of this construct (fp/cMGF) to 1-day-old chicks resulted in a marked and sustained increase in the number of circulating blood monocytes compared with chicks infected with the parental FPV strain (fp/M3). Blood monocyte numbers(More)
A large-scale DNA vaccination trial was performed in sheep to investigate whether co-delivery of the cytokine genes IL-4, IL-5, IL-15, GM-CSF or IFN-gamma could modulate the immune response generated to an antigen, in a DNA prime-recombinant protein boost regime. Vaccination with the recombinant EG95 protein has been shown to induce protection in sheep from(More)
To better define the role of the chicken haemopoietic microenvironment in supporting haemopoiesis, a continuous cell line was generated by RSV transformation of avian spleen stromal cells (SSL-1). Supernatants from this line were found to contain haemopoietic growth factor activity as measured by the ability to induce proliferation and differentiation of(More)