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BACKGROUND We studied prevalence and correlates of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) among injection drug users (IDUs) in Tijuana, Mexico, where tuberculosis (TB) is endemic. METHODS IDUs aged > or =18 years were recruited via respondent-driven sampling (RDS) and underwent standardized interviews, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody testing and(More)
It is well known that endothelin (ET)-1 mediates vascular remodelling in various kinds of clinical and experimental pulmonary hypertension. The aim of this study was to investigate whether ET-1 is associated with the development of pulmonary vascular remodelling in a canine model of chronic embolic pulmonary hypertension. Pulmonary hypertension was induced(More)
The mechanism by which chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) develops after acute pulmonary thromboembolism is unknown. We previously reported that fibrin from CTEPH patients is relatively resistant to fibrinolysis in vitro. In the present study, we performed proteomic, genomic, and functional studies on fibrin(ogen) to investigate whether(More)
RATIONALE Although acute pulmonary embolism is epidemiologically associated with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension, the factors responsible for resistance to thrombolysis and a shift toward vascular remodeling within the pulmonary arteries of patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension are unknown. OBJECTIVE Determine whether(More)
Previous attempts to diagnose thromboemboli using radiolabeled antibodies and nuclear medicine imaging have been disappointing. We present the results of experiments with intravenous technetium-99m-labeled deimmunized antifibrin Fab' fragments to diagnose thromboemboli using single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), a highly sensitive(More)
BACKGROUND The brisk fibrinolytic response of canines has impaired efforts to develop a canine model of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. Difficulties in retaining chronic embolic residuals were partially overcome by administration of tranexamic acid (TXA) (Circulation. 1991;83:1272-1279.). In this study, we used type 1 plasminogen activator(More)
BACKGROUND Many patients with pulmonary thromboembolism remain undiagnosed, possibly because of the difficulty clinicians have in determining which patients merit work-up with accurate (but expensive) imaging techniques. OBJECTIVES We present the first prospective clinical study of pulmonary embolism (PE) and deep venous thrombosis (DVT) detection using(More)
There is increasing evidence that the pathogenesis and progression of many forms of pulmonary vasculopathy are related to abnormalities in endothelial mediators, including endothelin-1 (ET-1) and nitric oxide (NO). Using a rat model of chronic unilateral pulmonary artery ligation, we investigated the role of ET-1 and NO in postobstructive pulmonary(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the anatomic and histopathologic results of four different methods of pleurodesis in 10 dogs. Each animal was randomly assigned to receive two of the following methods of pleurodesis: thoracoscopic talc insufflation (poudrage), talc slurry administration, focal gauze abrasion by limited thoracotomy, and mechanical(More)