Peter G Chiles

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BACKGROUND We studied prevalence and correlates of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) among injection drug users (IDUs) in Tijuana, Mexico, where tuberculosis (TB) is endemic. METHODS IDUs aged > or =18 years were recruited via respondent-driven sampling (RDS) and underwent standardized interviews, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody testing and(More)
It is well known that endothelin (ET)-1 mediates vascular remodelling in various kinds of clinical and experimental pulmonary hypertension. The aim of this study was to investigate whether ET-1 is associated with the development of pulmonary vascular remodelling in a canine model of chronic embolic pulmonary hypertension. Pulmonary hypertension was induced(More)
BACKGROUND The brisk fibrinolytic response of canines has impaired efforts to develop a canine model of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. Difficulties in retaining chronic embolic residuals were partially overcome by administration of tranexamic acid (TXA) (Circulation. 1991;83:1272-1279.). In this study, we used type 1 plasminogen activator(More)
Acute pulmonary embolism occurs in more than half a million people a year in the United States. Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) develops in approximately 4% of these patients due to unresolved thromboemboli. CTEPH is thus a relatively common, progressive, and potentially fatal disease. One currently proposed theory for the poor(More)
We determined the amide hydrogen/deuterium exchange profile of native human fibrinogen under physiologic conditions. After optimization of the quench and proteolysis conditions, more than 1,200 peptides were identified by mass spectrometry, spanning more than 90% of the constituent Aα, Bβ, and γ chain amino acid sequences. The compact central and distal(More)
OBJECTIVES Radiolabelled anti-fibrin antibodies have not yet enabled reliable and practical diagnosis of venous thromboembolism. However, previous unsuccessful clinical trials were performed with anti-fibrin beta-chain antibodies that do not optimally bind to thrombi during anticoagulation. The current experiments were performed to determine if(More)
The mechanism by which chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) develops after acute pulmonary thromboembolism is unknown. We previously reported that fibrin from CTEPH patients is relatively resistant to fibrinolysis in vitro. In the present study, we performed proteomic, genomic, and functional studies on fibrin(ogen) to investigate whether(More)
RATIONALE Although acute pulmonary embolism is epidemiologically associated with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension, the factors responsible for resistance to thrombolysis and a shift toward vascular remodeling within the pulmonary arteries of patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension are unknown. OBJECTIVE Determine whether(More)
Previous attempts to diagnose thromboemboli using radiolabeled antibodies and nuclear medicine imaging have been disappointing. We present the results of experiments with intravenous technetium-99m-labeled deimmunized antifibrin Fab' fragments to diagnose thromboemboli using single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), a highly sensitive(More)