Learn More
To investigate the molecular regulation of embryonic somite formation and development, we have cloned the full-length cDNA and characterized the embryonic expression profile of chicken Paraxis, a member of a novel family of basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) proteins, which has been suggested to play a role in paraxial mesoderm development. Chicken Paraxis(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on mechanically injured chondrocytes. METHODS PRP from bovine whole blood was activated to prepare platelet-rich plasma releasate (PRPr). Bovine articular chondrocytes were subjected to 16%, 0.5-Hz biaxial cyclic tensile strain (CTS) for 48 hours and cultured for another 24 hours without cell(More)
The in vitro culture of human trabecular bone-derived cells has served as a useful system for the investigation of the biology of osteoblasts. The recent discovery in our laboratory of the multilineage mesenchymal differentiation potential of cells derived from collagenase-treated human trabecular bone fragments has prompted further interest in view of the(More)
Nanofibrous materials, by virtue of their morphological similarities to natural extracellular matrix, have been considered as candidate scaffolds for cell delivery in tissue-engineering applications. In this study, we have evaluated a novel, three-dimensional, nanofibrous poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PCL) scaffold composed of electrospun nanofibers for its(More)
We designed and internally validated an aggregate weighted early warning scoring system specific to the obstetric population that has the potential for use in the ward environment. Direct obstetric admissions from the Intensive Care National Audit and Research Centre's Case Mix Programme Database were randomly allocated to model development (n = 2240) or(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have gained increasing research interest for their potential in improving healing and regeneration of injured tendon tissues. Developing functional three-dimensional (3D) scaffolds to promote MSC proliferation and differentiation is a critical requirement in tendon tissue engineering. Tendon extracellular matrix has been shown(More)
BACKGROUND Nitric oxide (NO), produced by the nitric oxide synthase family of enzymes, mediates multiple signaling functions, and when unchecked, NO causes pathological damage. Exposure of embryos to a variety of teratogens, including carbon monoxide (CO), has been shown to increase reactive intermediates, such as NO, and recent work showed that either the(More)
Approximately 1 in 1000 live births is afflicted with an axial skeletal defect. Although many of the known human teratogens can produce axial skeletal defects, the etiology of over half of the observed defects is unknown. The high morbidity associated with these defects demands that we continue to elucidate the mechanisms of axial skeletal teratogens.(More)
OBJECTIVES The infrapatellar fat pad (IPFP), which is located underneath the patella, close to cartilage surfaces, functions in distributing mechanical load and has been shown to produce cytokines. This study aims to assess the involvement of the IPFP in the progression of post-traumatic osteoarthritis (OA) through investigating the crosstalk between the(More)
One-step scaffold fabrication with live cell incorporation is a highly desirable technology for tissue engineering and regeneration. Projection stereolithography (PSL) represents a promising method owing to its fine resolution, high fabrication speed and computer-aided design (CAD) capabilities. However, the majority of current protocols utilize(More)