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OBJECTIVE Safety and efficacy of biphasic insulin aspart 70/30 (BIAsp 70/30, prebreakfast and presupper) were compared with once-daily insulin glargine in type 2 diabetic subjects inadequately controlled on oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This 28-week parallel-group study randomized 233 insulin-naive patients with HbA(1c)(More)
OBJECTIVE Multiple daily injection (MDI) therapy of bolus insulin aspart and basal insulin glargine was compared with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) with aspart in type 1 diabetic patients previously treated with CSII. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS One hundred patients were enrolled in a randomized, multicenter, open-label, crossover study.(More)
We developed an algorithm for processing networked vital signs (VS) to remotely identify in real-time when a patient enters and leaves a given operating room (OR). The algorithm addresses two types of mismatches between OR occupancy and VS: a patient is in the OR but no VS are available (e.g., patient is being hooked up), and no patient is in the OR but(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Telemedicine is emerging as a potential timesaving, efficient means for evaluating patients experiencing acute stroke. In areas where local stroke care specialists are not available, telemedicine can link an emergency department physician with a specialist in a stroke treatment center. This consultation provides an opportunity for(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between oxygenation and short-term outcomes in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN Logistic regression analysis was used to determine whether average high (>200 mm Hg) or low (<100 mm Hg) PaO2 levels within the first 24 hours of hospital admission correlated with patient outcomes relative to(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells were enumerated by three-color immunofluorescence in 255 uninfected and 399 human immunodeficiency virus-infected adults. Several dramatic alterations were observed. First, the median number and percentage of CD16+CD56+ NK cells, the subset that comprises > 90% of the NK cells in healthy adults, were severely decreased (median,(More)
AIMS To assess the effects of body mass index, renal impairment (creatinine clearance), and hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Score) on the pharmacokinetics of insulin aspart. METHODS Pharmacokinetics of insulin aspart (injected subcutaneously in the abdomen immediately before a Boost standardized meal) were characterized in: (1) diabetic subjects with four(More)
One of the major challenges for day-of-surgery operating room coordination is accurate and timely situation awareness. Distributed and secure real-time status information is key to addressing these challenges. This article reports on the design and implementation of a passive status monitoring system in a 19-room surgical suite of a major academic medical(More)
OBJECTIVE Patients with ischemic stroke treated with tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) have better outcomes when treated closer to the time of symptom onset and within the 3-hour window. We previously demonstrated the clinical use of TeleBAT, a mobile telemedicine system for stroke. We tested the impact of that system on time to treatment for patients(More)
BACKGROUND Vital signs, particularly blood pressure, are often manipulated to maximize perfusion and optimize recovery from severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI). We investigated the utility of automated continuously recorded vital signs to predict outcomes after sTBI. METHODS Sixty patients with head Abbreviated Injury Scale score ≥ 3, age >14 years,(More)