Learn More
Recent data point to the contribution of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) to digoxin elimination. On the basis of clinical observations of patients in whom digoxin levels decreased considerably when treated with rifampin, we hypothesized that concomitant rifampin therapy may affect digoxin disposition in humans by induction of P-gp. We compared single-dose (1 mg oral(More)
BACKGROUND Myocarditis can occasionally lead to sudden death and may progress to dilated cardiomyopathy in up to 10% of patients. Because the initial onset is difficult to recognize clinically and the diagnostic tools available are unsatisfactory, new strategies to diagnose myocarditis are needed. METHODS AND RESULTS Cardiovascular MR imaging (CMR) was(More)
PURPOSE According to current guidelines, molecular tests predicting the outcome of breast cancer patients can be used to assist in making treatment decisions after consideration of conventional markers. We developed and validated a gene expression signature predicting the likelihood of distant recurrence in patients with estrogen receptor (ER)-positive,(More)
PURPOSE The clinical outcome of tamoxifen-treated breast cancer patients may be influenced by the activity of cytochrome P450 enzymes that catalyze the formation of antiestrogenic metabolites endoxifen and 4-hydroxytamoxifen. We investigated the predictive value of genetic variants of CYP2D6, CYP2C19, and three other cytochrome P450 enzymes for tamoxifen(More)
BACKGROUND Enteroviruses and adenoviruses have been considered the most common causes of viral myocarditis, but parvovirus B19 (PVB19) and human herpesvirus 6 (HHV6) are increasingly found in endomyocardial biopsy samples. METHODS AND RESULTS Consequently, our aim was to evaluate the prevalence and clinical presentation of cardiac PVB19 and/or HHV6(More)
PURPOSE Breast cancer is composed of phenotypically diverse populations of cancer cells. The ability to form breast tumors has been shown by in vitro/in vivo studies to be restricted to epithelial tumor cells with CD44(+)/CD24(-/low) characteristics. Validation of these findings with respect to detection in clinical samples, prognosis, and clinical(More)
CONTEXT The growth inhibitory effect of tamoxifen, which is used for the treatment of hormone receptor-positive breast cancer, is mediated by its metabolites, 4-hydroxytamoxifen and endoxifen. The formation of active metabolites is catalyzed by the polymorphic cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) enzyme. OBJECTIVE To determine whether CYP2D6 variation is(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the feasibility and the clinical response of a stereotactic single-dose radiation treatment for liver tumors. PATIENTS AND METHODS Between April 1997 and September 1999, a stereotactic single-dose radiation treatment of 60 liver tumors (four primary tumors, 56 metastases) in 37 patients was performed. Patients were positioned in an(More)
Lack of tumor selectivity is a severe limitation of cancer chemotherapy. Consequently, reducing dose-limiting organ toxicities such as the cardiac toxicity of doxorubicin (Dox) is of major clinical relevance. Approaches that would facilitate a more tumor-selective anticancer therapy by using nontoxic prodrugs that are converted to active anticancer agents(More)
Telomeres are supposed to play a role in cellular aging and might contribute to the genetic background of human aging and longevity. During the past few years telomere length has been measured in various human tissues. However, very little is known about the individual telomere loss in different tissues from the same donor. Therefore we have measured(More)