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We conducted a meta-analysis, including randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and cohort studies, to examine the effect of patient-specific instruments (PSI) on radiological outcomes after total knee replacement (TKR) including: mechanical axis alignment and malalignment of the femoral and tibial components in the coronal, sagittal and axial planes, at a(More)
INTRODUCTION The direct anterior approach (DAA) is an increasingly popular technique for performing total hip arthroplasty (THA). This muscle-sparing approach may yield functional benefits. However, DAA has been associated with an increased risk incidence (RI) of intra- and postoperative complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS A systematic review of the(More)
BACKGROUND Unicondylar knee arthroplasty (UKA) is believed to lead to less morbidity and enhanced functional outcomes when compared with total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Conversely, UKA is also associated with a higher revision risk than TKA. In order to further clarify the key differences between these separate procedures, the current study assessing the(More)
Model checking is traditionally applied to computer system design. It has proven to be a valuable technique. However, it requires detailed specifications of systems and requirements, and is therefore not very accessible. In this paper we show how model checking can be applied in the context of business modeling and analysis by people that are not trained in(More)
INTRODUCTION A randomised, double-blind clinical trial was conducted comparing the efficacy of tranexamic acid (TXA) as a single intravenous bolus or a continuous infusion to patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Study hypothesis was that a second dose of TXA would not offer any clinical benefits over the single infusion. MATERIALS AND(More)
OBJECTIVE The growing demand for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) associated with the efforts to contain healthcare expenditure by advanced economies necessitates the use of economically effective technologies in TKA. The present analysis based on activity-based costing (ABC) model was carried out to estimate the economic value of patient-matched(More)
Component malalignment remains a concern in total knee arthroplasty (TKA); therefore, a series of technologies have been developed to improve alignment. The authors conducted a systematic review to compare computer-assisted navigation with conventional instrumentation, and assess the current evidence for patient-matched instrumentation and robot-assisted(More)
Previous studies have noted an adverse relationship between implant malalignment during total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and post-operative pain. Although some evidence exists indicating that computer-assisted surgical navigation for TKA can improve the accuracy of component alignment, its impact on clinical outcomes is currently unknown. The dual goals of the(More)
Survival analysis is an important tool for assessing the outcome of total joint replacement. The Kaplan-Meier method is used to estimate the incidence of revision of a prosthesis over time, but does not account appropriately for competing events which preclude revision. In the presence of competing death, this method will lead to statistical bias and the(More)
Surgical patients experience inadvertent hypothermia as a result of anaesthesia-induced thermoregulatory impairment. Previous studies have found that hypothermia is associated with increased blood loss and transfusion requirements. This study examined the incidence of hypothermia in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA), whether hypothermia is(More)