Peter F Young

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In aging men, the prostate gland becomes hyperproliferative and displays a propensity toward carcinoma. Although this hyperproliferative process has been proposed to represent an inappropriate reactivation of an embryonic differentiation program, the regulatory genes responsible for normal prostate development and function are largely undefined. Here we(More)
Development of the seminal vesicle (SV) is elicited by androgens and is dependent on epithelial-mesenchymal interactions. Androgenic signal transmission from the androgen-receptor-positive mesenchyme to the epithelium has been postulated to involve paracrine factors. Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF), a member of the fibroblast growth factor family, is(More)
Stromal-epithelial interactions are critical in determining patterns of growth, development and ductal morphogenesis in the mammary gland, and their perturbations are significant components of tumorigenesis. Growth factors such as epidermal growth factor (EGF) contribute to these reciprocal stromal-epithelial interactions. To determine the role of signaling(More)
The distribution of estrogen receptors (ER) in developing reproductive organs of male BALB/c mice was determined by 3H-estradiol steroid autoradiography. Efferent ductules, urogenital sinus and Wolffian ducts, and their derivatives, the epididymis, ductus deferens, seminal vesicles, coagulating glands, prostate, and bulbouretheral glands (BUGs), were(More)
PURPOSE To assess the role of cell-cell interactions in the development of bladder smooth muscle. MATERIAL AND METHODS Bladders from 14-day rat fetuses (prior to smooth muscle differentiation) were isolated and digested with trypsin to separate the mesenchyme and epithelium. Three types of specimens were prepared for grafting under the renal capsule of(More)
Estradiol-17beta (E2) acts through the estrogen receptor (ER) to regulate uterine growth and functional differentiation. To determine whether E2 elicits epithelial mitogenesis through epithelial ER versus indirectly via ER-positive stromal cells, uteri from adult ER-deficient ER knockout (ko) mice and neonatal ER-positive wild-type (wt) BALB/c mice were(More)
The distribution of androgen receptors (AR) in developing male BALB/c mouse reproductive organs was determined by 3H-dihydrotestosterone steroid autoradiography. The efferent ductules, urogenital sinus (UGS) and Wolffian ducts, and their derivatives, the epididymis, ductus deferens, seminal vesicles, coagulating glands, prostate and bulbouretheral glands,(More)
A technique is reported here for the quantitative extraction of live cells from the lung interstitium; it involves the incubation of slices of perfused lung in a mixture containing optimal concentrations of collagenase, DNAse, and fetal calf serum, followed by the simultaneous recovery and fractionation of cells released from the tissue matrix on a six-step(More)
In combination with androgens, estrogens can induce aberrant growth and malignancy of the prostate gland. Estrogen action is mediated through two receptor subtypes: estrogen receptors alpha (ERalpha) and beta (ERbeta). Wild-type (wt) and transgenic mice lacking a functional ERalpha (alphaERKO) or ERbeta (betaERKO) were treated with the synthetic estrogen(More)
A novel system is described for studying the growth of normal human mammary epithelium in vivo as grafts in athymic nude mice. The key feature of this model is reconstitution of the epithelial-stromal interactions required for normal growth and differentiation of the human mammary epithelium, which produces ducts that are comparable to those in the normal(More)