Peter F. Wieacker

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BACKGROUND The genetic cause of intellectual disability in most patients is unclear because of the absence of morphological clues, information about the position of such genes, and suitable screening methods. Our aim was to identify de-novo variants in individuals with sporadic non-syndromic intellectual disability. METHODS In this study, we enrolled(More)
The Wilms' tumor gene WT1 plays a key role in genitourinary development and subsequent normal function. Homozygous mutations of WT1 can be found in approximately 15% of Wilms' tumors. Furthermore, somatic heterozygous loss of WT1 is known to lead to cryptorchidism and hypospadias in males. A much more severe phenotype is seen in patients with Denys-Drash(More)
Odonto-onycho-dermal dysplasia (OODD), a rare autosomal-recessive inherited form of ectodermal dysplasia including severe oligodontia, nail dystrophy, palmoplantar hyperkeratosis, and hyperhidrosis, was recently shown to be caused by a homozygous nonsense WNT10A mutation in three consanguineous Lebanese families. Here, we report on 12 patients, from 11(More)
The androgen receptor (AR) gene, located on the X-chromosome at Xq11-12, contains in exon 1 a polymorphic CAG repeat which codes for a polyglutamine tract. Contractions of the CAG repeat are said to be related to prostate cancer. In contrast, sizeable expansion of the CAG repeat can cause spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA). In infertile patients of(More)
The inherited long QT syndrome (LQTS), characterized by a prolonged QT interval in the electrocardiogram and cardiac arrhythmia, is caused by mutations in at least four different genes, three of which have been identified and encode cardiac ion channels. The most common form of LQTS is due to mutations in the potassium channel gene KVLQT1, but their effects(More)
BACKGROUND XY gonadal dysgenesis (XY-GD) is a heterogeneous disorder characterized by failure of testicular development despite a normal male karyotype. Non-syndromic and syndromic forms can be delineated. Currently, only a minority of cases can be explained by gene mutations. METHODS The aim of this study was to detect microdeletions and duplications by(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify genetic causes of Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome. DESIGN Prospective laboratory study. SETTING University hospital. PATIENT(S) Fifty-six patients with MRKH syndrome. INTERVENTION(S) Identification of microdeletions and -duplications in a group of 48 MRKH patients by array-CGH. Results obtained by array-CGH were(More)
BACKGROUND SOX9 mutations cause the skeletal malformation syndrome campomelic dysplasia in combination with XY sex reversal. Studies in mice indicate that SOX9 acts as a testis-inducing transcription factor downstream of SRY, triggering Sertoli cell and testis differentiation. An SRY-dependent testis-specific enhancer for Sox9 has been identified only in(More)
BACKGROUND The Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome is characterized by congenital aplasia of the uterus and the upper part of the vagina in women who usually have normal ovaries and a 46, XX karyotype. MRKH can occur as an isolated form (type I) or in combination with various malformations as a syndromic or a type II MRKH. To date, in most of the(More)
Craniofrontonasal syndrome (CFNS) is an X-linked craniofacial disorder with an unusual manifestation pattern, in which affected females show multiple skeletal malformations, whereas the genetic defect causes no or only mild abnormalities in male carriers. Recently, we have mapped a gene for CFNS in the pericentromeric region of the X chromosome that(More)