Peter F. Heywood

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BACKGROUND Trained birth attendants at delivery are important for preventing both maternal and newborn deaths. West Java is one of the provinces on Java Island, Indonesia, where many women still deliver at home and without the assistance of trained birth attendants. This study aims to explore the perspectives of community members and health workers about(More)
Malaria sporozoite rates and inoculation rates were measured over periods up to 25 months in the different anopheline species biting humans in 13 villages in Madang Province, Papua New Guinea. Analysis of three members of the Anopheles punctulatus complex, 68,458 An. farauti, 36,779 An. koliensis, and 11,667 An. punctulatus caught in landing catches was(More)
BACKGROUND In 2001 Indonesia embarked on a rapid decentralization of government finances and functions to district governments. One of the results is that government has less information about its most valuable resource, the people who provide the services. The objective of the work reported here is to determine the stock of human resources for health in 15(More)
BACKGROUND Antenatal, delivery and postnatal care services are amongst the recommended interventions aimed at preventing maternal and newborn deaths worldwide. West Java is one of the provinces of Java Island in Indonesia with a high proportion of home deliveries, a low attendance of four antenatal services and a low postnatal care uptake. This paper aims(More)
Malaria is prevalent throughout coastal and lowland Papua New Guinea. Recent changes, including a shift from predominance of Plasmodium vivax to Plasmodium falciparum, appearance of chloroquine-resistant P. falciparum and decreased effectiveness of vector control programs have been observed. Epidemiological features of malaria were studied through four(More)
Longitudinal measurements of breast milk output were made using a 2H2O tracer technique over 24 months in 23 rural Papua New Guinean women. A small (n = 14) cross-sectional sample of women from a different area were also studied. Mean outputs of the longitudinal sample rose from 601 +/- 100 g/d at 1 month to a maximum of 901 +/- 211 g/d at 9 months and fell(More)
The effect of iron therapy on malarial infection was investigated in Papua New Guinea, where malaria is endemic. Prepubescent schoolchildren with hemoglobin levels of 8-12 g/dl were randomly assigned to receive either 200 mg ferrous sulfate or a placebo twice daily for 16 weeks. Iron status and malarial infection were assessed at baseline, after 6 and 16(More)
In a cross-sectional study of 123 children aged 24-120 mo from the Wosera subdistrict of Papua New Guinea, height, weight, hematocrit, hemoglobin, hair zinc, and presence of malaria were measured. Two 24-h recalls were undertaken in 67 of the children aged 72-120 mo; 52%, 73%, and 76% had energy, protein, and zinc intakes, respectively, less than two-thirds(More)
In the Wosera area of Papua New Guinea, the nutritional status of 899 women of child-bearing age (measured by weight, body mass index, and skinfolds thickness) showed a strong negative correlation with parity, independent of age. This maternal depletion occurred despite a mean birth interval of three years. Average maternal weight gain during pregnancy was(More)