Peter Entzian

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Several cytokines exhibit a high degree of temporal regulation as well as somnogenic potency (e.g., interleukin-1 [IL-1], tumor necrosis factor-alpha [TNF-alpha]). Seeking the underlying cause of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), we investigated whether circadian rhythms of cytokine release were altered in 10 patients with OSAS. Ten healthy(More)
Antiasthma drugs are now being re-evaluated for their anti-inflammatory effects. Theophylline is an immunomodulator; however, weak effects and the narrow therapeutic window make it a controversial drug. We compared the immunomodulatory potencies of theophylline with those of the xanthines pentoxifylline (POF) and A802715. Using a whole-blood, cell-culture(More)
The optimal therapy for sarcoidosis remains unclear. Most patients show a short-term response to corticosteroid therapy, but they have to face the risk of significant side effects. Because tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF) plays a critical role in granuloma formation and sustenance as well as in the progression of sarcoidosis, we investigated pentoxifylline(More)
Interleukin-12 (IL-12) proved to be an effective and successful adjuvant to a standard antituberculotic medication in a patient suffering from progressive clinical tuberculosis (TB). IL-12 is a potent enhancer of interferon-gamma production which is necessary for killing intracellular bacteria like mycobacteria. This patient's TB was progressive, although(More)
Control of mycobacterial infection by the cellular immune system relies both on antigen-presenting cells and on T lymphocytes. The quality of an effective cellular immune response is dependent on functional signal transduction residing in the cytoplasmic tails of the T-cell receptor CD3 components. In order to investigate potential effects of mycobacteria(More)
Type III procollagen peptide (PCP) is a byproduct of type III collagen synthesis and a potential marker of collagen secretion. In chronic diffuse interstitial lung diseases, elevated PCP concentrations have been found in serum as well as in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. It has been proposed that PCP is a marker of early, active stages of fibrosis. As severe(More)
Neutrophil alveolitis is a hallmark of cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis (CFA), known for its poor prognosis. Corticosteroids, as the remedy of choice, are ineffective in a majority of patients. More and more evidence indicates that pentoxifylline (POF) could be an effective therapeutic alternative. Furthermore, colchicine has been proposed for therapy of(More)
BACKGROUND The prognosis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF/UIP) is poor and its immunopathogenesis is insufficiently understood. OBJECTIVES The aim of our study was to elucidate the compartmentalization of cell activation and the influence of corticosteroid therapy upon this activation in IPF/UIP. We determined the concentrations of proinflammatory(More)
The ancient drug colchicine has repeatedly been proposed as a novel drug for therapy of pulmonary fibrosis. The present study was undertaken to add to the knowledge on colchicine's antiinflammatory and antifibrotic properties and thus help determine its actual rank in the treatment of pulmonary fibrosis. In vitro cell culture experiments with stimulated and(More)