Peter Eichhorn

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The aerobic biodegradability of four antimicrobials (sulfamethazine, sulfamethoxazole, sulfathiazole, and trimethoprim) was investigated in sewage collected at four treatment stages (primary treatment, activated sludge treatment, aerobic nitrification process, and after disinfection of treated sewage) of a municipal sewage treatment plant. The(More)
A study was conducted to examine the influence of hydraulic retention time (HRT) and solid retention time (SRT) on the removal of tetracycline in the activated sludge processes. Two lab-scale sequencing batch reactors (SBRs) were operated to simulate the activated sludge process. One SBR was spiked with 250 microg/L tetracycline, while the other SBR was(More)
AIMS The aims were to test whether Parvibaculum lavamentivoransT degraded commercial linear alkylbenzenesulphonate (LAS) surfactant via omega-oxygenation and beta-oxidation to sulphophenylcarboxylates (SPCs), whether the organism was widespread and reisolable, and whether the degradative community used the 4-sulphocatechol 1,2-dioxygenase to cleave the(More)
Identification of degradation products of environmental contaminants is a challenging task because not only are they present in very low concentrations but they are also mixed with complex matrixes that interfere with detection. This work illustrates a simple approach using ion trap mass spectrometry combined with H/D-exchange experiments to elucidate the(More)
Alkyl polyglucosides (APGs) were analyzed by reversed-phase liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry with electrospray ionization. Analytes were separated according to the chain length of the alkyl homologues, whereas the separation of isomeric forms of the glucose moiety was achieved partially. Depending on the structure of the glucose ring the(More)
Liquid chromatography with an electrospray interface to a mass spectrometer (LC-ES-MS) and LC-ES coupled to a tandem MS (LC-ES-MS/MS) were used to detect and identify intermediates excreted transiently during the aerobic degradation of linear alkylbenzenesulfonates (LAS) in fixed-bed bioreactors (FBBR). The inoculum for the FBBR was the microflora of the(More)
In Brazil more than 90% of the population are not connected to municipal wastewater treatment plants. As a consequence, surface waters receive continuously considerable amounts of untreated domestic sewage containing surfactants as a major constituent. Such polluted waters gave rise to special interest if they are used as a source for the production of(More)
Spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) is essential for signal transduction of immunoreceptors. Inhibition of Syk abrogates mast cell degranulation and B cell responses. We hypothesized that Syk inhibition in the lung by inhaled route could block airway mast cells degranulation and the early asthmatic response without the need of systemic exposure. We discovered(More)
A novel procedure was developed for the simultaneous determination of linear alkylbenzene sulfonates (LAS) and their major metabolites, sulfophenyl carboxylates (SPC), in sludge-amended soil. After pressurised liquid extraction with methanol/water (90:10) and a clean-up on C18 solid-phase extraction cartridges, final analysis was done by ion-pair liquid(More)
Seven laboratories participated in an inter-laboratory comparison exercise within the framework of the PRISTINE, SANDRINE and INEXsPORT European Union Projects. Solid-phase extraction (SPE) methodologies were used for the extraction of target analytes from wastewaters. The analytical strategies were based on liquid chromatography (LC) coupled to mass(More)