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A study was conducted to examine the influence of hydraulic retention time (HRT) and solid retention time (SRT) on the removal of tetracycline in the activated sludge processes. Two lab-scale sequencing batch reactors (SBRs) were operated to simulate the activated sludge process. One SBR was spiked with 250 microg/L tetracycline, while the other SBR was(More)
The aerobic biodegradability of four antimicrobials (sulfamethazine, sulfamethoxazole, sulfathiazole, and trimethoprim) was investigated in sewage collected at four treatment stages (primary treatment, activated sludge treatment, aerobic nitrification process, and after disinfection of treated sewage) of a municipal sewage treatment plant. The(More)
BACKGROUND 80-100% of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) display a polyspecific, intrathecal humoral immune response against a broad panel of viral agents including antibodies to measles, rubella and varicella zoster virus as its three most abundant components (called MRZ reaction [MRZR]). However, a positive MRZR reaction can also be found in some(More)
Liquid chromatography with an electrospray interface to a mass spectrometer (LC-ES-MS) and LC-ES coupled to a tandem MS (LC-ES-MS/MS) were used to detect and identify intermediates excreted transiently during the aerobic degradation of linear alkylbenzenesulfonates (LAS) in fixed-bed bioreactors (FBBR). The inoculum for the FBBR was the microflora of the(More)
The inadequate response of immune cells to circulating apoptotic products, such as nucleosomal DNA fragments, is assumed to be a potent stimulus for the production of autoantibodies during the pathogenesis and progression of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Here, we analyzed the levels of circulating nucleosomes, caspases, and C-reactive protein in sera(More)
BACKGROUND Proteolytic shedding of the immunostimulatory NKG2D ligands MICA and MICB from cancer cells constitutes a novel immune escape strategy that diminishes antitumor reactivity by NKG2D-bearing cytotoxic lymphocytes. In consequence, serum levels of soluble MICA and MICB are frequently found to be elevated in cancer disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS As(More)
First investigations are reported on the efficiency of individual purification steps at two waterworks to eliminate sulfophenyl carboxylates (SPC) originating from biodegradation of linear alkylbenzene sulfonate surfactant. The average SPC concentrations in the waters taken from the Llobregat river, Spain and the Rhine river, Germany amounted to 5.0 and 1.8(More)
In the present work, a photoproduct of chlortetracycline (CTC) was identified for the first time in hog lagoon samples from confined animal feeding operations. Screening of several samples by LC/ESI-MS indicated the presence of a potential photooxygenation product of CTC with a nominal mass that was 32 Da higher than the parent drug. Generation of this(More)
In Brazil more than 90% of the population are not connected to municipal wastewater treatment plants. As a consequence, surface waters receive continuously considerable amounts of untreated domestic sewage containing surfactants as a major constituent. Such polluted waters gave rise to special interest if they are used as a source for the production of(More)
Testing for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)-restricted oligoclonal bands (OCB) by isoelectric focusing is used to detect intrathecally produced total IgG. By contrast, antibody indices (AI) are assessed to test for intrathecally produced antigen-specific IgG. A number of previous cases reports have suggested that AI testing might be more sensitive than OCB(More)