Peter Edwin Sudbery

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Candida species are the most common cause of opportunistic fungal infection worldwide. Here we report the genome sequences of six Candida species and compare these and related pathogens and non-pathogens. There are significant expansions of cell wall, secreted and transporter gene families in pathogenic species, suggesting adaptations associated with(More)
The fungus Candida albicans is often a benign member of the mucosal flora; however, it commonly causes mucosal disease with substantial morbidity and in vulnerable patients it causes life-threatening bloodstream infections. A striking feature of its biology is its ability to grow in yeast, pseudohyphal and hyphal forms. The hyphal form has an important role(More)
A central technique used to investigate the role of a Candida albicans gene is to study the phenotype of a cell in which both copies of the gene have been deleted. To date, such investigations can only be undertaken if the gene is not essential. We describe the use of the Candida albicans MET3 promoter to express conditionally an essential gene, so that the(More)
The human fungal pathogen, Candida albicans can grow in at least three different morphologies: yeast, pseudohyphae and hyphae. Further morphological forms exist during colony switching, for example, opaque phase cells are oblong, rather than the oval shape of yeast cells. Pseudohyphae and hyphae are both elongated and sometimes there has been little attempt(More)
The location of the septin ring in the germ tubes of Candida albicans hyphae and pseudohyphae was studied using an antibody to Saccharomyces cerevisiae Cdc11p. In pseudohyphae induced by growth at 35 degrees C in YEPD or Lee's medium, a septin ring formed at or near (mean 1.8 microm) the neck between the mother cell and the germ tube. This became double(More)
Fungi grow with a variety of morphologies: oval yeast cells, chains of elongated cells called pseudohyphae and long, narrow, tube-like filaments called hyphae. In filamentous fungi, hyphal growth is strongly polarised to the tip and is mediated by the Spitzenkörper, which acts as a supply centre to concentrate the delivery of secretory vesicles to the tip.(More)
In the development of hyphal germ tubes of Candida albicans, a band of septin forms at the base of the germ tube (basal septin band). Later, a septin ring forms, which organizes the first septum within the germ tube (septin ring). We have investigated the role of the Nim1 kinases, Gin4 and Hsl1, in the formation of these septin structures. We show that(More)
Candida albicans is the most common human fungal pathogen (Beck-Sague and Jarvis, 1993). It is normally a harmless commensal organism. However, it is a opportunistic pathogen for some immunologically weak and immunocompromised people. It is responsible for painful mucosal infections such as the vaginitis in women and oral-pharangeal thrush in AIDS patients.(More)
The human fungal pathogen Candida albicans can switch between yeast, pseudohyphal, and hyphal morphologies. To investigate whether the distinctive characteristics of hyphae are due to increased activity of the Cdc42 GTPase, strains lacking negative regulators of Cdc42 were constructed. Unexpectedly, the deletion of the Cdc42 Rho guanine dissociation(More)
In many eukaryotes it is thought that cell proliferation is regulated at a point in G1 close to the initiation of DNA synthesis. Hartwell and his colleagues have shown such a point in G1 phase in the budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, defined by the cdc 28 mutation. He has termed this point 'start' and showed that for cells to proceed beyond start,(More)