Peter E. Zage

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BACKGROUND ERBB receptor tyrosine kinases can mediate proliferation, migration, adhesion, differentiation, and survival in many types of cells and play critical roles in many malignancies. Recent reports suggest a role for EGFR signaling in proliferation and survival of neuroblastoma, a common form of pediatric cancer that often has an extremely poor(More)
Secreted protein, acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC), is a multifunctional matricellular glycoprotein. In vitro, SPARC has antiangiogenic properties, including the ability to inhibit the proliferation and migration of endothelial cells stimulated by bFGF and VEGF. Previously, we demonstrated that platelet-derived SPARC also inhibits angiogenesis and(More)
BACKGROUND TrkB expression is associated with poor prognosis for patients with neuroblastoma. AZ623 is a novel potent and selective inhibitor of the Trk family of tyrosine kinases. The authors hypothesized that AZ623 would inhibit TrkB-mediated signaling in neuroblastoma tumor cells and would be synergistic when combined with chemotherapy. METHODS(More)
Tropomyosin-related kinases (TrkA, TrkB, and TrkC) are receptor tyrosine kinases that, along with their ligands, the neurotrophins, are involved in neuronal cell growth, development, and survival. The Trk-neurotrophin pathway may also play a role in tumorigenesis through oncogenic fusions, mutations, and autocrine signaling, prompting the development of(More)
BACKGROUND High-risk cases of neuroblastoma have poor survival rates, and novel therapies are needed. Vandetanib (ZD6474, Zactima) is an inhibitor of the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor, epidermal growth factor receptor, and rearranged during transfection (RET) tyrosine kinases, which have each been implicated in neuroblastoma pathogenesis. The(More)
High-risk neuroblastoma often develops resistance to high-dose chemotherapy. The mTOR signaling cascade is frequently deregulated in human cancers and targeting mTOR signaling sensitizes many cancer types to chemotherapy. Here, using a panel of neuroblastoma cell lines, we found that the mTOR inhibitor INK128 showed inhibitory effects on both(More)
Recurrent diffuse intrinsic pontine gliomas (DIPG) are traditionally treated with palliative care since no effective treatments have been described for these tumors. Recently, clinical studies have been emerging, and individualized treatment is attempted more frequently. However, an informative way to compare the treatment outcomes has not been established,(More)
Novel treatment approaches are needed for children with advanced neuroblastoma. Studies with neuroblastoma cells have indicated the presence of a hypoxia-driven vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)/VEGF receptor (VEGFR)-1 autocrine loop modulating hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha). Whether other receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) are capable(More)
BACKGROUND The repressor element-1 silencing transcription factor (REST) is a repressor of neuronal genes. Its expression is associated with poor neuronal differentiation in many neuroblastoma patient samples and cell lines. Because retinoic acid promotes neuronal differentiation, the authors postulated that it involves modulation of REST expression. (More)
BACKGROUND Retinoblastoma is the most common intraocular tumor of childhood. Vision salvage rates in advanced cases are less than ideal, and the optimal treatment for intraocular retinoblastoma has not been established. We report the results of an institutional retinoblastoma treatment trial to determine the vision salvage rates and toxicity of a regimen(More)