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High-risk neuroblastoma often develops resistance to high-dose chemotherapy. The mTOR signaling cascade is frequently deregulated in human cancers and targeting mTOR signaling sensitizes many cancer types to chemotherapy. Here, using a panel of neuroblastoma cell lines, we found that the mTOR inhibitor INK128 showed inhibitory effects on both(More)
Recurrent diffuse intrinsic pontine gliomas (DIPG) are traditionally treated with palliative care since no effective treatments have been described for these tumors. Recently, clinical studies have been emerging, and individualized treatment is attempted more frequently. However, an informative way to compare the treatment outcomes has not been established,(More)
BACKGROUND From 1993 to 1995, the Pediatric Oncology Group (POG) enrolled patients with high-risk neuroblastoma on three sequential, conjoined studies: a phase II induction window (9340), followed by intensive multiagent induction chemotherapy (9341), and subsequent myeloablative therapy with autologous stem cell rescue (9342). We report here the outcomes(More)
BACKGROUND Notch pathway signaling has critical roles in differentiation, proliferation, and survival, and has oncogenic or tumor suppressor effects in a variety of malignancies. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of Notch activation on human neuroblastoma cells. PROCEDURE Quantitative RT-PCR, immunoblots, and immunohistochemistry were(More)
Secreted protein, acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC), is a multifunctional matricellular glycoprotein. In vitro, SPARC has antiangiogenic properties, including the ability to inhibit the proliferation and migration of endothelial cells stimulated by bFGF and VEGF. Previously, we demonstrated that platelet-derived SPARC also inhibits angiogenesis and(More)
BACKGROUND The repressor element-1 silencing transcription factor (REST) is a repressor of neuronal genes. Its expression is associated with poor neuronal differentiation in many neuroblastoma patient samples and cell lines. Because retinoic acid promotes neuronal differentiation, the authors postulated that it involves modulation of REST expression. (More)
BACKGROUND ERBB receptor tyrosine kinases can mediate proliferation, migration, adhesion, differentiation, and survival in many types of cells and play critical roles in many malignancies. Recent reports suggest a role for EGFR signaling in proliferation and survival of neuroblastoma, a common form of pediatric cancer that often has an extremely poor(More)
Novel treatment approaches are needed for children with advanced neuroblastoma. Studies with neuroblastoma cells have indicated the presence of a hypoxia-driven vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)/VEGF receptor (VEGFR)-1 autocrine loop modulating hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha). Whether other receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) are capable(More)
Growth factor receptors (GFRs) are often aberrantly expressed in tumor cells, and altered GFR expression and activity contribute to the pathogenesis of many types of cancer. A variety of mechanisms have been identified that result in enhanced GFR expression and activity in cancer cells. Defects in the pathways responsible for GFR internalization and(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the prevalence and potential clinical significance of epigenetic aberrations in neuroblastoma (NB). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The methylation status of 11 genes that are frequently epigenetically inactivated in adult cancers was assayed in 13 NB cell lines. The prevalence of RASSF1A and TSP-1 methylation was also analyzed in 56 NBs and 5(More)