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The major part of mast cell actin is Triton-soluble and behaves as a monomer in the DNase I inhibition assay. Thus, actin exists predominantly in monomeric or short filament form, through filamentous actin is clearly apparent in the cortical region after rhodamine-phalloidin (RP) staining. The minimum actin content is estimated to be approximately 2.5(More)
We have investigated the ATP-induced permeabilization of rat peritoneal mast cells using three different techniques: (a) by measuring uptake of fluorescent membrane and DNA marker dyes, (b) by voltage-clamp measurements using the patch-clamp technique, and (c) by measurements of exocytosis in response to entry of Ca2+ and GTP gamma S into permeabilized(More)
Isolated ventricular muscle cells from the adult rat heart have been examined by both Coulter analysis and light scatter flow cytometry. The dispersed cell preparations contain two main cell types: viable, rod-shaped cells and damaged, round cells. Coulter analytical techniques provided statistical data on cell volume for both cell types. The contribution(More)
We applied G protein-derived beta gamma-subunits to permeabilized mast cells to test their ability to regulate exocytotic secretion. Mast cells permeabilized with streptolysin-O leak soluble (cytosol) proteins over a period of 5 min and become refractory to stimulation by Ca2+ and GTPgammaS over approximately 20-30 min. beta gamma-Subunits applied to the(More)
Mast cells permeabilized by streptolysin O undergo exocytosis when stimulated with Ca(2+) and guanosine 5'-[gamma-thio]triphosphate but become progressively refractory to this stimulus if it is delayed. This run-down of responsiveness occurs over a period of 20-30 min, during which the cells leak soluble and tethered proteins. We show here that withdrawal(More)
We have measured intracellular free Ca2+ concentration in rat and guinea pig ventricular myocytes using the fluorescent Ca2+-indicator quin2. Our results indicate a resting concentration in heart cells that is considerably lower than previous estimates. The mean value of 137 nM for rat ventricle that we have recorded is consistent with the hypothesis that(More)
ATP (as the tetrabasic acid, ATP4-) applied externally to rat mast cells causes the formation of lesions which permit influx and efflux of low molecular weight, normally impermeant aqueous solutes. To monitor membrane permeabilisation we have used two fluorescent dyes, ethidium which stains the nucleus, and TMA-DPH which stains the cytosolic surfaces of(More)
We have investigated the effects of mitogenic lectins on human T-lymphocytes, isolated from peripheral blood, and cells from the T-cell clone, HPB-ALL, using the fluorescent dyes, bis-thiobarbiturate tri-methineoxonol (bisoxonol) and quin2 to sense changes in membrane potential and intracellular free [Ca2+], respectively. The resting potential of both cell(More)
Investigation of regulated exocytosis has frequently required the use of permeabilised cell preparations. This has provided evidence that Ca2(+)-binding and guanine nucleotide-binding proteins can mediate secretion. Since the manner and extent of membrane permeabilisation affect the requirements for Ca2+ and guanine nucleotide, we have introduced such(More)