Peter E Pertel

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To characterize cellular factors required for herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1)-induced cell fusion, we used an efficient and quantitative assay relying on expression of HSV-1 glycoproteins in transfected cells. We showed the following: (1) Cell fusion depended not only on expression of four viral glycoproteins (gB, gD, and gH-gL), as previously shown,(More)
KAF156 belongs to a new class of antimalarial, the imidazolopiperazines, and is currently in clinical development for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria. This first-in-human, single- and multiple-ascending-dose study in 70 healthy male volunteers determined the maximum oral dose of KAF156 tolerated by healthy adults and derived pharmacokinetic data(More)
Herpesvirus entry into cells and herpesvirus-induced cell fusion are related processes in that virus penetration proceeds by fusion of the viral envelope and cell membrane. To characterize the human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) glycoproteins that can mediate cell fusion, a luciferase reporter gene activation assay was used. Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) can cause significant disease in immunocompromised patients and treatment options are limited by toxicities. CSJ148 is a combination of two anti-HCMV human monoclonal antibodies (LJP538 and LJP539) that bind to and inhibit the function of viral HCMV glycoprotein B (gB) and the pentameric complex, consisting of glycoproteins gH,(More)
This first-in-human randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, ascending-single and -multiple oral dose study was designed to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics in healthy volunteers of KAE609 (cipargamin; formerly NITD609), a spiroindolone now in trials for malaria treatment. It was studied in single-dose cohorts (1 to 300 mg,(More)
Clostridium difficile is the leading cause of hospital-acquired infectious diarrhea. LFF571 is a novel inhibitor of the prokaryotic translation elongation factor Tu and is active against a range of bacterial species, including C. difficile. This first-in-human study investigated the safety and pharmacokinetics of single and multiple ascending oral doses of(More)
Clostridium difficile infection causes serious diarrheal disease. Although several drugs are available for treatment, including vancomycin, recurrences remain a problem. LFF571 is a semisynthetic thiopeptide with potency against C. difficile in vitro. In this phase 2 exploratory study, we compared the safety and efficacy (based on a noninferiority analysis)(More)
BACKGROUND KAF156 belongs to a new class of antimalarial agents (imidazolopiperazines), with activity against asexual and sexual blood stages and the preerythrocytic liver stages of malarial parasites. METHODS We conducted a phase 2, open-label, two-part study at five centers in Thailand and Vietnam to assess the antimalarial efficacy, safety, and(More)
Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) mutants were selected by passage of HSV-1 (KOS) in HEp-2 cells such that binding and penetration occurred in the presence of heparin. Analysis of selected uncloned virus pools revealed that approximately 95% of virus formed syncytia and greater than 58% were gC-negative. Plaque-purified gC-negative syncytial mutants were(More)
To characterize human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) gB, the open reading frame was PCR amplified from the HHV-8-infected cell line BCBL-1 and cloned into an expression vector. To facilitate detection of expressed HHV-8 gB, the cytoplasmic tail of the glycoprotein was tagged with the influenza hemagglutinin (HA) epitope. Expression of tagged HHV-8 gB (gB-HA), as(More)