Peter E. Nielsen

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DNA analogues are currently being intensely investigated owing to their potential as gene-targeted drugs. Furthermore, their properties and interaction with DNA and RNA could provide a better understanding of the structural features of natural DNA that determine its unique chemical, biological and genetic properties. We recently designed a DNA analogue,(More)
A polyamide nucleic acid (PNA) was designed by detaching the deoxyribose phosphate backbone of DNA in a computer model and replacing it with an achiral polyamide backbone. On the basis of this model, oligomers consisting of thymine-linked aminoethylglycyl units were prepared. These oligomers recognize their complementary target in double-stranded DNA by(More)
Peptide nucleic acid (PNA) is a DNA mimic that has shown considerable promise as a lead compound for developing gene therapeutic drugs. We report that PNAs targeted to functional and accessible sites in ribosomal RNA can inhibit translation in an Escherichia coli cell-free transcription/translation system, with 50% reductions caused by nanomolar PNA(More)
Peptide Nucleic Acid (PNA) is a powerful new biomolecular tool with a wide range of important applications. PNA mimics the behaviour of DNA and binds complementary nucleic acid strands. The unique chemical, physical and biological properties of PNA have been exploited to produce powerful biomolecular tools, antisense and antigene agents, molecular probes(More)
Antisense peptide nucleic acids (PNAs) can specifically inhibit Escherichia coli gene expression and growth and hold promise as anti-infective agents and as tools for microbial functional genomics. Here we demonstrate that chemical modification improves the potency of standard PNAs. We show that 9- to 12-mer PNAs, especially when attached to the cell(More)
Gene function studies in bacteria lag behind progress in genome sequencing, in part because current reverse genetics technology based on genome disruption does not allow subtle control of gene expression for all genes in a range of species. Essential genes and clustered regions are particularly problematic. Antisense technology offers an attractive(More)
Peptide nucleic acid (PNA) is a DNA mimic with attractive properties for developing improved gene-targeted antisense agents. To test this potential of PNA in bacteria, PNAs were designed to target the start codon regions of the Escherichia coli β-galactosidase and β-lactamase genes. Dose-dependent and specific gene inhibition was observed in vitro using low(More)
The past decade has provided exciting insights into a novel class of central (small) RNA molecules intimately involved in gene regulation. Only a small percentage of our DNA is translated into proteins by mRNA, yet 80% or more of the DNA is transcribed into RNA, and this RNA has been found to encompass various classes of novel regulatory RNAs, including,(More)