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Millions of teeth are saved each year by root canal therapy. Although current treatment modalities offer high levels of success for many conditions, an ideal form of therapy might consist of regenerative approaches in which diseased or necrotic pulp tissues are removed and replaced with healthy pulp tissue to revitalize teeth. Researchers are working toward(More)
The purpose of this study was to measure cell survival and degradation within tissue-engineered dental constructs. Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) and periodontal ligament stem cells (PLSCs) were seeded on three types of tissue engineering scaffolds: a synthetic open-cell D,D-L,L-polylactic acid (polymer) scaffold, a bovine collagen scaffold (collagen), and(More)
PURPOSE To investigate pulpal injury by measuring odontoblast numbers, and pulp dentin repair activity by measuring reactionary dentin area, in relation to the remaining dentin thickness (RDT) of cavity preparations in 217 human teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS Cavities were restored with adhesive bonded composite, resin-modified glass-ionomer cement, zinc(More)
OBJECTIVES Many restorative materials are claimed to be successful in preventing bacterial microleakage and minimizing pulp inflammation. However, information regarding the in vivo performance of materials in comparison with each other is limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the pulp response of nine restorative materials when placed(More)
Every year, despite the effectiveness of preventive dentistry and dental health care, 290 million fillings are placed each year in the United States; two-thirds of these involve the replacement of failed restorations. Improvements in the success of restorative treatments may be possible if caries management strategies, selection of restorative materials,(More)
BACKGROUND Each year, about 90 million new restorations are placed in the United States and 200 million are replaced. Controversy surrounds the pulpal reactions and frequency of bacterial microleakage associated with common restorative materials. The authors investigated and compared pulpal reactions to different types of restorative materials. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Each year in the United States, the success of 10 million surgically restored carious lesions depends on a favorable tertiary dentin repair response to preparation, restoration and patient factor variables. The authors investigated the relationship between these variables and dentinal response. METHODS Standardized rectangular Class V(More)
OBJECTIVES Trans-dentinal stimulation of reactionary dentinogenesis may be mediated through cellular signalling by bio-active components released from the dentine matrix during injury. Understanding of these processes will be important to guide dentinal repair activity following restorative surgery. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects(More)
OBJECTIVE The number of older patients requiring restorative treatment are likely to increase due to improvements in oral health and increased longevity. However, aging odontometric data are lacking. The aim of this study was to determine possible changes in pulp cell density, pulp area, and dentinal thickness with age. STUDY DESIGN Incisors (50), canines(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study is to compare and contrast differences of pulp responses between non-exposed and exposed cavity preparations in terms of inflammation, frequency of bacterial microleakage, odontoblast and odontoblastoid cell numbers, and tertiary dentine formation. METHODS Class V non-exposed cavities (n=161) and exposed cavities(More)