Peter E. Land

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Blooms of the phytoplankton coccolithophorid Emiliania huxleyi can cause significant changes to both the inherent and the apparent optical properties within an oceanic column. Measurements made within such a bloom off the southwestern coast of England during July 1999 are reported. The multiple scattering properties of the bloom prevented accurate retrieval(More)
A modular atmospheric correction algorithm is proposed that uses atmospheric and water contents models to predict the visible and near-infrared reflectances observed by a satellite over water. These predicted values are compared with the satellite reflectances at each pixel, and the model parameters changed iteratively with an error minimization algorithm.(More)
Approximately a quarter of the carbon dioxide (CO2) that we emit into the atmosphere is absorbed by the ocean. This oceanic uptake of CO2 leads to a change in marine carbonate chemistry resulting in a decrease of seawater pH and carbonate ion concentration, a process commonly called ‘Ocean Acidification’. Salinity data are key for assessing the marine(More)
In algorithms for the atmospheric correction of visible and near-IR satellite observations of the Earth's surface, it is generally assumed that the spectral variation of aerosol optical depth is characterized by an Angström power law or similar dependence. In an iterative fitting algorithm for atmospheric correction of ocean color imagery over case 2(More)
The global oceans are considered a major sink of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2). Rain is known to alter the physical and chemical conditions at the sea surface, and thus influence the transfer of CO2 between the ocean and atmosphere. It can influence gas exchange through enhanced gas transfer velocity, the direct export of carbon from the atmosphere to(More)
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