Peter E. King-Smith

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QUEST [Watson and Pelli, Perception and Psychophysics, 13, 113-120 (1983)] is an efficient method of measuring thresholds which is based on three steps: (1) Specification of prior knowledge and assumptions, including an initial probability density function (p.d.f.) of threshold (i.e. relative probability of different thresholds in the population). (2) A(More)
Measurements of the thickness of the pre-corneal tear film, pre-lens tear film, post-lens tear film, and the lipid layer on the surface of the tear film are summarized. Spatial and temporal variations in tear film thickness are described. Theoretical predictions of tear film thickness are discussed. Mechanisms involved in the upward drift of the tear film(More)
PURPOSE Interferometric methods have considerable potential for studying the thickness of layers of the human tear film and cornea because of their ability to make noninvasive, accurate, and rapid measurements. However, previous interferometric studies by Prydal and Danjo yielded tear thickness values near 40 and 11 microm, respectively, considerably(More)
PURPOSE To apply interferometry as an in vivo measure of tear film thinning between blinks. METHODS Wavelength-dependent interference was used to measure the tear film thinning rates in 20 normal contact lens wearers, and spectra were captured at a rate of 4.5 per second for 20 seconds. Four recordings of precorneal tear film (PCTF) thinning were made,(More)
We show how the processes of visual detection and of temporal and spatial summation may be analyzed in terms of parallel luminance (achromatic) and opponent-color systems; a test flash is detected if it exceeds the threshold of either system. The spectral sensitivity of the luminance system may be determined by a flicker method, and has a single broad peak(More)
Panel tests of color vision (eg FM100-Hue test) lack a common quantitative method for the scoring of cap arrangements. We describe a scoring method applicable to all panel tests that makes use of a novel technique to analyze test cap data, namely the calculation of a moment of inertia from the Color Difference Vectors (CDVs) of any arrangement pattern.(More)
1. We confirm Keesey's (1972) observation that, when a flickering line is viewed, there are distinct thresholds for detecting flicker (or movement) and for detecting a well localized line (pattern detection). Our measurements of the temporal sensitivity of these two mechanisms are similar to Keesey's. 2. The flicker and pattern detection mechanism have been(More)
PURPOSE To investigate whether the tear film thinning between blinks is caused by evaporation or by tangential flow of the tear film along the surface of the cornea. Tangential flow was studied by measuring the movement of the lipid layer. METHODS Four video recordings of the lipid layer of the tear film were made from 16 normal subjects, with the(More)
We consider model problems for the tear film over multiple blink cycles in limits that yield a single equation for the tear film; the single nonlinear partial differential equation that governs the film thickness arises from lubrication theory. The two models that we consider arise from considering the absence of naturally occuring surfactant and the case(More)