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Chemokines have been convincingly implicated in driving leukocyte emigration in different inflammatory reactions. However, the cellular and molecular mechanisms of chemokine involvement in leukocyte emigration are not clear. We and others suggested that leukocyte adhesion to the endothelium and transmigration are induced by chemokines immobilized on the(More)
Trypsin, a neutral protease, enhanced the direct plaque response of T cell-suffiecient mouse spleen cell cultures to sheep erythrocytes (SRBC) and significantly increased the number of spontaneous PFC against SRBC in cultures without antigen. Moreover, trypsin proved to be able to substitute for T cells in nu/nu spleen cell cultures stimulated with SRBC.(More)
The lipophilic muramylpeptide derivative muramyltripeptide-phosphatidylethanolamine (MTP-PE, 0.05 to 5 micrograms/ml) and human recombinant interferon-gamma (rIFN-gamma, 1 to 100 U/ml) were applied singly or in combination to fresh human mononuclear blood leucocytes in vitro. After 15 to 72 hr incubation, culture- and drug-induced changes in beta(More)
The IgG isotype profile of the influenza virus-specific immune response was studied by quantitation of serum antibody (Ab) levels in correlation with the enumeration of antibody-secreting cells (ASC) detected in the lung, spleen, mediastinal lymph nodes (MLN), Peyer's patches and bone marrow (BM). Distinct isotypic patterns for serum Ab and Ab produced by(More)