Peter Duggan

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BACKGROUND While winter-time vitamin D deficiency has been well-documented in Crohn's disease patients, less is known about vitamin D status during summertime and whether a seasonal variation exists in bone turnover. AIMS To compare vitamin D status and bone turnover markers in Crohn's disease patients with age- and sex-matched controls during late-summer(More)
Conjugation of polysaccharides to carrier proteins has been a successful approach for producing safe and effective vaccines. In an attempt to increase the immunogenicity of two malarial vaccine candidate proteins of Plasmodium falciparum, apical membrane antigen 1 (AMA1) to a blood stage vaccine candidate and surface protein 25 (Pfs25) a mosquito stage(More)
Production of recombinant malaria proteins in the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris has been difficult due to constraints in transcription, translation and/or post-translation controls. Use of codon-optimized genes has resolved many of the transcriptional controls; however, efforts to overcome translational and post-translational modifications involving(More)
Marine derived cyclo(Gly-l-Ser-l-Pro-l-Glu) was selected as a lead to evaluate antitumor-antibiotic activity. Histidine was chosen to replace the serine residue to form cyclo(Gly-l-His-l-Pro-l-Glu). Cyclic tetrapeptides (CtetPs) were then synthesized using a solution phase method, and subjected to antitumor and antibiotic assays. The benzyl group protected(More)
We describe a method based on a single stable reagent for the determination of calcium in serum and plasma with use of Arsenazo III, 200 mumol/L in 50 mmol/L 1,4-piperazinediethanesulfonic acid (PIPES) buffer. The method showed significant positive interference in plasma at pH less than 6.6 because of the precipitation of fibrinogen, which was eliminated by(More)
Bilirubin is oxidized to biliverdin by 1.0 mmol/L potassium ferricyanide in the presence of caffeine. The absorbance decline at 480 nm with blanking at 660 nm is proportional to bilirubin concentration. The assay is linear up to 1000 mumol/L and is suitable for the measurement of bilirubin in adult and neonatal patients. The assay is accurate and precise(More)
The effects of monovalent cations on calcium uptake by fragmented sarcoplasmic reticulum have been clarified. Homogenization of muscle tissue in salt-containing solutions leads to contamination of this subcellular fraction with actomyosin and mitochondrial membranes. When, in addition, inorganic cations are contributed by the microsomal suspension and in(More)
We describe a rapid kinetic glucose oxidase (EC 1.1.3.4) procedure for quantifying glucose. Glucose oxidase concentration was reduced from the more usual 20 kU/L to 4 kU/L, and pH was reduced from 7.0 to 6.6. Potassium ferrocyanide (20 mumol/L) and ascorbate oxidase (1 kU/L) were incorporated in the procedure. The assay results vary linearly with glucose(More)
Immunization with a recombinant yeast-expressed Plasmodium falciparum merozoite surface protein 3 (MSP3) protected Aotus nancymai monkeys against a virulent challenge infection. Unfortunately, the production process for this yeast-expressed material was not optimal for human trials. In an effort to produce a recombinant MSP3 protein in a scaleable manner,(More)