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The Swiss sublines of Roman high-(RHA/Verh) and low-(RLA/Verh) avoidance rats have been genetically selected for good vs. poor performance in two-way active avoidance since 1972. RLA/Verh rats show increased stress responses (e.g. freezing behaviour, ACTH, corticosterone and prolactin secretion) and adopt a more passive (or reactive) coping style when(More)
OBJECTIVE This study determined the accuracy of the multiple-pass 24-hour recall method for estimating energy intake in young children by comparing it with measurements of total energy expenditure made using the doubly labeled water method. DESIGN Three multiple-pass 24-hour recalls were obtained over a 14-day period to estimate mean energy intake. Total(More)
This experiment studied the effect of phone conversations and other potential interference on reaction time (RT) in a braking response. Using a laboratory station which simulated the foot activity in driving, 22 research participants were requested to release the accelerator pedal and depress the brake pedal as quickly as possible following the activation(More)
Using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) as a standard method for determining body composition in children, we evaluated the accuracy of skinfold-thickness measurements (with the Slaughter et al equations, which are based on triceps and calf skinfold-thickness measurements), bioelectrical resistance (BR; with the Kushner el al equations and age-specific(More)
Anxiety-related behaviors were evaluated across five tests in a sample of 277 rats from a genetically heterogeneous stock (N/Nih-HS rats), derived from an eight-way cross of inbred strains, and compared with the performance of RLA-I (high anxious) and RHA-I (low anxious) rats in the same tests. These tests either evoke unlearned (novel-cage activity (NACT),(More)
The pattern of sex differences in a large sample (about 400 for each sex) of F2-generation rats, derived from inbred Roman high- and low-avoidance strains differing in fearfulness and brain functioning, was investigated. We obtained measures from responses to a battery of novel/threatening tests [open field (OF), plus maze (PM), hole board (HB), activity(More)
Using the fluorescent dye, double retrograde-labeling tracing technique, separate populations of insular cortex neurons were demonstrated to project to the amygdaloid central nucleus and to autonomic nuclei of the dorsal medulla. Both populations were located in layer V of the agranular and granular insula with neurons projecting to the dorsal medulla(More)
We report the detection of five Jovian mass planets orbiting high metallicity stars. Four of these stars were first observed as part of the N2K program and exhibited low RMS velocity scatter after three consecutive observations. However , follow-up observations over the last three years now reveal the presence of – 2 – longer period planets with orbital(More)
The European Trauma Course (ETC) was officially launched during the international conference of the European Resuscitation Council (ERC) in 2008. The ETC was developed on behalf of ESTES (European Society of Trauma and Emergency Surgery), EuSEM (European Society of Emergency Medicine), the ESA (European Society of Anaesthesiology) and the ERC. The objective(More)
beta-Adrenergic antagonists injected into the amygdala complex of rats trained in a passive avoidance task produced time-dependent and dose-dependent decreases in retention of the task. In addition, the effects observed with beta-adrenergic antagonists were both stereospecific and reversed by norepinephrine. The results support a role for an amygdala(More)