Peter Donkin

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The objective of this research was to quantify the impact of pollution along the coastlines of the Irish Sea. Pollution assessment was based on the combined measurement of scope for growth (SFG), and chemical contaminants in the tissues of mussels (Mytilus edulis) collected from 38 coastal sites around the Irish Sea during June-July in 1996 and 1997. On the(More)
The role of algal concentration in the transfer of organic contaminants in a food chain has been studied using the ubiquitous model polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) as the contaminant, Isochrysis galbana as the phytoplankton food source, and the common mussel (Mytilus edulis) as the primary consumer. The effect of algal concentration on(More)
Gas chromatographic analysis of the hydrocarbons of environmental samples often reveals that unresolved complex mixtures (UCMs) or gas chromatographic "humps" of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons are most abundant--yet little consideration seems to have been given to the possible toxicological impacts of hydrocarbon "humps". Here we show, using a(More)
The relationship between cytochrome P450 1A- and 2E-immunopositive proteins, lipid peroxidation and DNA strand breaks (SBs) was studied in Mytilus edulis digestive gland at different seasons and at different sites around the UK coast. Cytochrome P4501A (CYP1A)-immunopositive protein and DNA strand breaks were generally lowest in December but there was no(More)
1. The role of physiological energetic measurements combined with chemical analyses of contaminants in body tissues of mussels in fundamental toxicological studies and pollution monitoring programmes is outlined. 2. Important features of this toxicological approach are briefly reviewed, including aspects of bioaccumulation, sensitivity, quantitative(More)
Components of a xenobiotic detoxication/toxication system involving mixed function oxygenases are present inMytilus edulis. Our paper critically reviews the recent literature on this topic which reported the apparent absence of such a system in bivalve molluscs and attempts to reconcile this viewpoint with our own findings on NADPH neotetrazolium reductase,(More)
The aim of this investigation was to test the reactions of the hepatopancreatic digestive cells of blue mussels (Mytilus edulis and Mytilus galloprovincialis) to a variety of environmental stressors. These stressors included anoxia, hyperthermia, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, copper and a combination of copper+nutritional deprivation. Paraquat was used(More)
Exposure of marine mussels (Mytilus edulis) to an unresolved complex mixture (UCM) of aromatic hydrocarbons isolated from a crude oil has been shown to reduce their feeding rate by 40%. The present study was undertaken to determine whether UCMs bioaccumulated by mussels in the field are also toxic. The feeding rate of mussels derived from polluted sites(More)
A recent study has shown that some monoaromatic hydrocarbon constituents of the so-called unresolved complex mixtures (UCMs) or gas chromatographic humps, which are widespread in the marine environment, are toxic to the mussel Mytilus edulis. Here we describe the synthesis and toxicological assessment of 6-cyclohexyltetralin, 7-cyclohexyl-1-methyltetralin,(More)