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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The effects of hepatic or renal impairment on the pharmacokinetics of atypical antipsychotics are not well understood. Drug exposure may increase in patients with hepatic disease, owing to a reduction of certain metabolic enzymes. The objective of the present study was to study the effects of hepatic or renal impairment on the(More)
Standard toxicological studies in dogs using high doses of vasodilators and positive inotropic/vasodilating agents give rise to a species-specific cardiotoxicity. The reason may be the extreme sensitivity of the dog to the pharmacological effects of these drugs; exaggerated pharmacodynamic effects and prolonged disturbance of homeostasis mechanisms often(More)
  • P Dogterom
  • 1993
The use of precision-cut liver slices for toxicity and drug metabolism studies becomes more and more popular. So far, most of these studies are conducted using the dynamic organ culture system as incubation system. However, this system has some disadvantages, especially for the study of drug metabolism. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop a(More)
Precision-cut liver slices from rats and dogs were used to investigate in vitro the metabolism of tolbutamide. Tolbutamide (100 microM) was incubated with liver slices in 12-well plates (rat: 1 slice/well; dog: 4 slices/well) for up to 9 hr. In rats, qualitative sex differences were found in tolbutamide metabolism, whereas in dogs quantitative sex(More)
BACKGROUND Two pharmacokinetic studies were performed to investigate whether there is any interaction between etonogestrel or ethinylestradiol released from the combined contraceptive vaginal ring NuvaRing and concomitant treatment with orally administered amoxicillin or doxycycline. METHODS In one study, healthy women were randomised to receive either(More)
Posaconazole in oral suspension must be taken multiple times a day with food (preferably a high-fat meal) to ensure adequate exposure among patients. We evaluated the effect of food on the bioavailability of a new delayed-release tablet formulation of posaconazole at the proposed clinical dose of 300 mg once daily in a randomized, open-label, single-dose,(More)
The secretion of very-low-density lipoprotein from hepatocytes proceeds through the microtubules. In this study, the role of glutathione in the maintenance of intact microtubules and the secretion of very-low-density lipoprotein has been investigated. When rat hepatocytes were incubated with reagents that deplete glutathione (e.g., diethylmaleate,(More)
Exposure of isolated rat hepatocytes to allyl alcohol (AA), diethyl maleate (DEM) and bromoisovalerylurea (BIU) induced lipid peroxidation, depletion of free protein thiols to about 50% of the control value and cell death. Vitamin E completely prevented lipid peroxidation, protein thiol depletion and cell death. A low concentration (0.1 mM) of the(More)
The development and validation of methods for determining concentrations of the antipsychotic drug asenapine (ASE) and three of its metabolites [N-desmethylasenapine (DMA), asenapine-N(+) -glucuronide (ASG) and 11-O-sulfate-asenapine (OSA)] in human plasma using LC-MS/MS with automated solid-phase extraction is described. The three assessment methods in(More)