Peter D. Wagner

Kechun Tang2
Tomas ML Eagan2
2Kechun Tang
2Tomas ML Eagan
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Skeletal muscle angiogenesis is an important physiological adaptation to increased metabolic demand, possibly dependent on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), the increased expression of which is a known early response to exercise. To test the hypothesis that VEGF is essential to muscle capillary maintenance, we evaluated the consequences of targeted(More)
  • Steven D Mason, Richard A Howlett, Matthew J Kim, I. Mark Olfert, Michael C Hogan, Wayne McNulty +5 others
  • 2004
The physiological flux of oxygen is extreme in exercising skeletal muscle. Hypoxia is thus a critical parameter in muscle function, influencing production of ATP, utilization of energy-producing substrates, and manufacture of exhaustion-inducing metabolites. Glycolysis is the central source of anaerobic energy in animals, and this metabolic pathway is(More)
To investigate the consequences of inborn excessive erythrocytosis, we made use of our transgenic mouse line (tg6) that constitutively overexpresses erythropoietin (Epo) in a hypoxia-independent manner, thereby reaching hematocrit levels of up to 0.89. We detected expression of human Epo in the brain and, to a lesser extent, in the lung but not in the(More)
  • Tom D Brutsaert, Timothy P Gavin, Zhenxing Fu, Ellen C Breen, Kechun Tang, Odile Mathieu-Costello +1 other
  • 2002
BACKGROUND Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) mRNA levels increase in rat skeletal muscle after a single bout of acute exercise. We assessed regional differences in VEGF165 mRNA levels in rat gastrocnemius muscle using in situ hybridization after inducing upregulation of VEGF by treadmill running (1 hr) or electrical stimulation (1 hr). Muscle(More)
Exercise is the example par excellence of the body functioning as a physiological system. Conventionally we think of the O2 transport process as a major manifestation of that system linking and integrating pulmonary, cardiovascular, hematological and skeletal muscular contributions to the task of getting O2 from the air to the mitochondria, and this process(More)
BACKGROUND Systemic inflammation may contribute to cachexia in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In this longitudinal study we assessed the association between circulating C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1ß, and IL-6 levels and subsequent loss of fat free mass and fat mass in more than 400(More)
Prolonged muscle exposure to low PO2 conditions may cause oxidative stress resulting in severe muscular injuries. We hypothesize that PO2 cycling preconditioning, which involves brief cycles of diaphragmatic muscle exposure to a low oxygen level (40 Torr) followed by a high oxygen level (550 Torr), can reduce intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) as(More)
While the principles underlying alveolar gas exchange have been well-known for over 50 years, we still struggle to assess gas exchange in hypoxemic patients. Unfortunately, simple measurements lack discrimination while complex measurements are infeasible in clinical care. The paper by Karbing et al. in this issue seeks a middle ground based on the arterial(More)
BACKGROUND There is still limited information on systemic inflammation in alpha-1-antitrypsin-deficient (AATD) COPD patients and what effect alpha-1-antitrypsin augmentation therapy and/or exercise might have on circulating inflammatory cytokines. We hypothesized that AATD COPD patients on augmentation therapy (AATD + AUG) would have lower circulating and(More)