Peter D. Stanton

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The development of Herceptin (Trazumatab) makes testing for HER2 status important for choosing optimal therapy in breast cancer. This study addresses the precision, accuracy, and reproducibility of HER2 assays. HER2 was assessed retrospectively by immunohistochemistry (IHC) with Dako 'Herceptest', by IHC with the monoclonal antibody CB11, and by(More)
BACKGROUND We have shown previously that whereas overexpression of human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER)1, HER2 and HER3 is associated with poor prognosis in breast cancer, HER4 is associated with a good prognosis. Cell proliferation is a key component of aggressive cancers and is driven by growth factors. In this study, bromodeoxyuridine(More)
Current studies of tumor angiogenesis rely on the concept that endothelium proliferates 30-40 times faster in tumors than in normal tissues. This evidence is based on histological autoradiographic data largely from animal studies. To assess endothelial cell proliferation in human cancer we used the more sensitive and specific technique of(More)
BACKGROUND Intraoperative lymphatic mapping and identification of the first draining lymph node (the sentinel node) may allow some patients with breast cancer to avoid the morbidity of formal axillary clearance. The aim of this pilot study was to establish the reliability of the technique in predicting axillary node status. METHODS Sixty-eight consecutive(More)
Estimation of tumour proliferation may allow the design of individualised radiotherapy schedules to optimise response. This prospective study correlates the tumour proliferation rate of cervical carcinoma with response to conventional radiotherapy. The potential tumour cell doubling rate (Tpot) was estimated following flash labelling of the tumours in vivo(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) overexpression has been associated frequently with squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) and SCC cell lines. In most cases the level of EGFR on the tumours from which the cell lines were derived has not been determined, nor have EGFR levels been determined for xenograft tumours from the cell lines. In this study we(More)
CONTEXT Conflicting reports of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression in breast cancer and inconstant relationships with established prognostic indicators and outcomes suggest difficulties with EGFR measurement. OBJECTIVE To compare EGFR measurement in a panel of cell lines and in breast carcinomas by radioimmunohistochemistry (R-IHC),(More)
DNA Ploidy and S phase fraction (SPF) were measured in Stage I and II breast cancers from patients with at least 8 years of follow-up, to assess the prognostic significance of these data. Disaggregated sections of formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tumour were analysed by flow cytometry. SPF was calculated using a rectangular model of S phase, after(More)
In recent years investigators have looked at the human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2), which is overexpressed in 20%-30% of breast cancer patients, with regard to its role as a prognostic and predictive factor. Although many studies have suggested that HER2 overexpression may be associated with a poor clinical outcome, other studies have not(More)