Learn More
BACKGROUND The effects of intensive glucose control on cardiovascular events in patients with long-standing type 2 diabetes mellitus remain uncertain. METHODS We randomly assigned 1791 military veterans (mean age, 60.4 years) who had a suboptimal response to therapy for type 2 diabetes to receive either intensive or standard glucose control. Other(More)
BACKGROUND Impaired glucose tolerance is associated with increased rates of cardiovascular disease and conversion to type 2 diabetes mellitus. Interventions that may prevent or delay such occurrences are of great clinical importance. METHODS We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to examine whether pioglitazone can reduce the(More)
Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is more atherogenic than native LDL. The initial step in the oxidation is the peroxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Thus, decreasing the concentration of polyunsaturated fatty acids should reduce the susceptibility of LDL to oxidation. Therefore, we tested the possibility that diets enriched in oleate might(More)
This report describes the effects of feeding linoleate- or oleate-enriched diets to subjects who were concurrently taking 1200 mg/d of alpha-tocopherol on the susceptibility of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and buoyant and dense LDL subfractions to oxidation. LDL isolated from subjects who consumed linoleate-enriched diets was more susceptible to(More)
BACKGROUND The Veterans Affairs Diabetes Trial previously showed that intensive glucose lowering, as compared with standard therapy, did not significantly reduce the rate of major cardiovascular events among 1791 military veterans (median follow-up, 5.6 years). We report the extended follow-up of the study participants. METHODS After the conclusion of the(More)
The development of atherosclerosis is a complex and multistep process. There are many determinants in the pathogenesis of this condition, with different factors presumably playing key roles at different times in the evolution of the atherosclerotic plaque. It has been suggested that oxidation of low density lipoproteins (LDL) by cells in the artery wall(More)
OBJECTIVE Monocyte/macrophage inflammation is an important contributor to diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Studies have suggested saturated fatty acids (SFA) induce monocyte inflammation in a Toll-like receptor-4-dependent manner, but recent data suggest SFA do not directly interact with Toll-like receptor-4. The present study tests the novel hypothesis(More)
AIMS This study examined the effects of pioglitazone on body weight and bone mineral density (BMD) prospectively in patients with impaired glucose tolerance as pioglitazone (TZD) increases body weight and body fat in diabetic patients and increases the risk of bone fractures. METHODS A total of 71 men and 163 women aged 49.3 (10.7) years [mean (s.d.)];(More)
AIMS To evaluate the relationship between patterns of rosiglitazone use and cardiovascular (CV) outcomes in the Veterans Affairs Diabetes Trial (VADT). METHODS Time-dependent survival analyses, case-control and 1 : 1 propensity matching approaches were used to examine the relationship between patterns of rosiglitazone use and CV outcomes in the VADT, a(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of exercise training on the levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and adiponectin, and to assess whether exercise-induced changes in insulin resistance could be explained in part by changes in these inflammation markers. Study participants included 51 middle-aged (45.3+/-8.3 years; mean+/-SD), overweight(More)