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Eye-gaze as a form of human machine interface holds great promise for improving the way we interact with machines. Eye-gaze tracking devices that are non-contact, non-restrictive, accurate and easy to use will increase the appeal for including eye-gaze information in future applications. The system we have developed and which we describe in this paper(More)
A novel approach is presented for using an eye tracker-based reference instead of EOG for methods that require an EOG reference to remove ocular artifacts (OA) from EEG. It uses a high-speed eye tracker and a new online algorithm for extracting the time course of a blink from eye tracker images to remove both eye movement and blink artifacts. It eliminates(More)
We propose a novel metric for quantitatively evaluating ocular artifact (OA) removal methods on real electroencephalogram (EEG) data. For real EEG, existing metrics measure the amount of artifact removed. Our metric measures how much a given method is likely to distort the underlying EEG. The new metric was used to evaluate two existing OA removal(More)
The precision of point-of-gaze (POG) estimation during a fixation is an important factor in determining the usability of a noncontact eye-gaze tracking system for real-time applications. The objective of this paper is to define and measure POG fixation precision, propose methods for increasing the fixation precision, and examine the improvements when the(More)
Many of the challenges faced by the field of Computational Intelligence in building intelligent agents, involve determining mappings between numerous and varied sensor inputs and complex and flexible action sequences. In applying nonparametric learning techniques to such problems we must therefore ask: "Is nonparametric learning practical in very high(More)
This paper presents a summary of the design and implementation of a force-reflecting controller for conventional heavy duty hydraulic machines. The unsuitability of direct force feedback with rate control has been shown analytically and confirmed on a simulator of a typical hydraulic machine. A novel stiffness control scheme was developed to circumvent this(More)
—Earth-moving machines such as hydraulic excavators are usually used for carrying out contact tasks. Impedance control can be employed as an approach for achieving compliant motion in such tasks. This paper describes a position-based impedance controller that has been developed in our laboratory for excavator-type manipulators, and presents supporting(More)