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In 48 conscious resting subjects we examined the temporal coupling of heart beat timing and the onset of inspiration (cardioventilatory coupling), and the relationship between coupling and spectral indices of autonomic function. Using the proportional Shannon entropy (SH(alpha)) of the RI(-1) interval (interval between inspiration and the preceding ECG R(More)
We examined interbreath interval (IBI) time series of 19 term infants during active and quiet sleep for fractal properties using Fano factor analysis. For each time series we calculated the fractal exponent (alpha), comparing alpha for the original time series with two forms of surrogate data, a temporally independent surrogate set and an autoregressive(More)
OBJECTIVES We assessed the impact of restaurant menu calorie labels on food choices and intake. METHODS Participants in a study dinner (n=303) were randomly assigned to either (1) a menu without calorie labels (no calorie labels), (2) a menu with calorie labels (calorie labels), or (3) a menu with calorie labels and a label stating the recommended daily(More)
In a group of spontaneously breathing anaesthetized subjects, we examined the ability of simple spectral and non-linear methods to detect the presence of cardioventilatory coupling in heart rate time series. Using the proportional Shannon entropy (H(RI-1)) of the RI(-1) interval (interval between inspiration and the preceding ECG R wave) as a measure of(More)
We examined spectral components of beat to beat variability in AC and DC signals of the reflectance photoplethysmograph at finger and earlobe sites in 20 resting volunteers and 20 patients during propofol, alfentanil, isoflurane, nitrous oxide anaesthesia. We observed that at rest, the majority of spectral power at both sites and in both signals was in the(More)
This study examines respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) in the isoflurane-anesthetized rat. In fifteen female Sprague-Dawley rats, we recorded continuous ECG and respiratory airflow before and after bilateral vagotomy. RSA was assessed using power spectral analysis and by plotting the normalised changes in heart period as a function of the time during the(More)
BACKGROUND Cardioventilatory coupling is the triggering of inspiratory onset by preceding cardiac activity. We have observed two forms of coupling with a bimodal ('quantal') variation of respiratory period. METHODS We investigated the variables of inspiratory duration (TI), expiratory duration (TE), and tidal volume (VT) where respiratory period variation(More)
Cardioventilatory coupling (CVC) is the temporal coherence of respiratory and cardiac rhythms. We have suggested that this coherence is the result of triggering of inspiratory onset by a preceding cardiovascular afferent. One implication of this triggering hypothesis is that coupling should only exist under conditions of spontaneous ventilation and not(More)
Normally, at rest, the amplitude of respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) appears to correlate with cardiac vagal tone. However, recent studies showed that, under stress, RSA dissociates from vagal tone, indicating that separate mechanisms might regulate phasic and tonic vagal activity. This dissociation has been linked to the hypothesis that RSA improves(More)
We examined the changes in cardioventilatory synchronisation and breathing frequency variability that occur during early postnatal development in anaesthetised rats. Five-minute periods of heart rate and inspiratory timing data were recorded from 26 halothane anaesthetised, spontaneously breathing rats aged 2-14 days. The presence of cardioventilatory(More)