Peter D . Fox

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Nursing home care has become a major governmental responsibility. Public expenditures for nursing home care amounted to $7.3 billion in 1977. They represented 57.2 percent of the $12.8 billion nursing home bill nationally and 12 percent of public spending on all personal health care. Nursing home care absorbs more than one-third of all Medicaid(More)
CONTEXT Many older adults with chronic illnesses and multidimensional needs are at high risk of adverse health outcomes, poor quality of life, and heavy use of health-related services. Modern proactive care of older populations includes identification of such high-risk individuals, assessment of their health-related needs, and interventions designed both to(More)
The 1990 medigap reform legislation had multiple objectives: To simplify the insurance market in order to facilitate policy comparison, provide consumer choice, provide market stability, promote competition, and avoid adverse selection. Based on case study interviews with a cross-section of individuals and organizations, we report that most of these(More)
The 1990 Medigap reform legislation sought to make it easier for consumers to compare policies, provide market stability, promote competition, and avoid adverse selection. Evidence is that the standardization of benefits has simplified consumer choice and is strongly supported by consumers and State regulators. The 1990 reforms also decreased carrier and(More)
In 1983, the Health Care Financing Administration funded a multiyear evaluation of Medicaid demonstrations in six States. The alternative delivery systems represented by the demonstrations contained a number of innovative features, most notably capitation, case management, limitations on provider choice, and provider competition. Implementation and(More)