Peter D Alfinito

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Rod photoreceptors are highly compartmentalized sensory neurons that maintain strict ultrastructural and molecular polarity. Structural subdivisions include the outer segment, inner segment, cell body, and synaptic terminal. The visual pigment rhodopsin is found predominantly in membranes of the rod cell outer segment but becomes mislocalized, appearing(More)
GM1 ganglioside was previously shown to function as a specific regulator of excitatory opioid activity in dorsal root ganglion neurons and F11 hybrid cells, as seen in its facilitation of opioid-induced activation of adenylyl cyclase and its ability to dramatically reduce the threshold opioid concentration required to prolong the action potential duration.(More)
Mitochondrial dysfunction may contribute to dopaminergic (DAergic) cell death in Parkinson's disease and GABAergic cell death in Huntington's disease. In the present work, we tested whether blocking A1 receptors could enhance the damage to DAergic and GABAergic neurons caused by mitochondrial inhibition, and whether blocking A2a receptors could protect(More)
Light stimulates dopamine release in the retina and has been shown to rapidly up-regulate rod opsin mRNA. In the present study, we tested the effect of dopamine on rod opsin mRNA expression and examined the hypothesis that dopamine can mediate a light-evoked increase in opsin gene expression. Northern blots showed that a 30-min light-exposure increased rod(More)
The identity and biology of stem cells and progenitors in the adult brain are of considerable interest, because these cells hold great promise for the development of novel therapies for damaged brain tissue in human diseases. This research field critically needs biological markers that specifically identify the resident precursors in the germinal zones of(More)
The neuromodulator adenosine mediates dark-adaptive changes in retinal photoreceptors through A(2a) receptors. In cold-blooded vertebrates, opsin mRNA expression is lower at night than during the day. In the present study, we tested whether adenosine could inhibit opsin mRNA expression in cultured rod cells and if endogenous adenosine acts to suppress opsin(More)
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