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BACKGROUND Fractures of the clavicle were reported to represent 2.6% of all fractures with an overall incidence of 64 per 100,000 per year (1987, Malmö, Sweden). Midshaft fractures account for approximately 69% to 81% of all clavicle fractures. Treatment options for acute midshaft clavicle fractures include nonoperative treatment (mostly sling or(More)
OBJECTIVE To summarize the complications and early clinical results of 123 distal femur fractures treated with the Less Invasive Stabilization System (LISS; Synthes, Paoli, PA). DESIGN Retrospective analysis of prospectively enrolled patients. SETTING Two academic level I trauma centers. SUBJECTS AND PARTICIPANTS One hundred nineteen consecutive(More)
BACKGROUND There is no consensus on the best treatment for periprosthetic supracondylar fracture. MATERIAL AND METHODS We systematically summarized and compared results of different fixation techniques in the management of acute distal femur fractures above a total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Several databases were searched (Medline, Cochrane library, OTA(More)
BACKGROUND Fractures of the scapula account for 3% to 5% of all fractures of the shoulder girdle and make up less than 1% of all broken bones. Scapula fractures typically occur after high-energy trauma, and approximately 90% of the patients have associated injuries. OBJECTIVE (1) To determine the incidences of nonoperative and operative treatment of(More)
OBJECTIVE To summarize the surgical experience and clinical results of the first 89 fractures of the proximal tibia treated with the Less Invasive Stabilization System (LISS; Synthes, Paoli, PA). DESIGN Retrospective analysis of prospectively enrolled patients into a database. SETTING Academic level I trauma center. SUBJECTS/PARTICIPANTS Eighty-seven(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of distal femur fractures is approximately 37 per 100,000 person-years. Typically, distal femur fractures are caused by a high-energy injury mechanism in young men or a low-energy mechanism in elderly women. Managing these fractures can be a challenging task. Most surgeons agree that distal femur fractures need to be treated(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this investigation is to define the location and frequency of tibia pilon fracture lines and impaction injury for the most severe variety (OTA/AO type 43C3). PATIENTS/METHODS Using axial computed tomography scan images, 38 consecutive OTA/AO type 43C3 fractures treated by a single surgeon were analyzed. For each fracture, a map(More)
Tibial fractures are the most common long bone fractures. Extra-articular proximal tibia fractures account for approximately 5% to 11% of all tibial shaft fractures. The benefits of intramedullary nailing of these fractures include load sharing, sparing of the extraosseous blood supply, and avoidance of additional soft-tissue dissection, thereby minimizing(More)
This article investigates the complex facts of Malay wh-questions, and suggests a theory of how Malay wh-questions fit into the typology of wh-questions permitted by a Minimalist conception of Universal Grammar. The paper examines the principles that account for overt wh-movement, wh-in-situ and partial wh-movement in Malay. We argue that the apparent(More)
Supracondylar femoral fractures above total knee arthroplasty remain a treatment challenge. Complication rates as high as 30% are associated with both nonoperative and operative treatment. Conventional plate fixation and rigid intramedullary nail fixation has improved the treatment of these fractures. However, problems still exist in the setting of a short(More)