Peter Cloetens

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Using a high-efficiency grating interferometer for hard X rays (10-30 keV) and a phase-stepping technique, separate radiographs of the phase and absorption profiles of bulk samples can be obtained from a single set of measurements. Tomographic reconstruction yields quantitative three-dimensional maps of the X-ray refractive index, with a spatial resolution(More)
We used quantitative phase tomography with synchrotron radiation to elucidate the 3D structure of Arabidopsis seeds in their native state. The cells are clearly distinguished, and their internal structure is revealed through local variations in electron density. We visualized a 3D network of intercellular air space that might allow immediate gas exchange(More)
This paper presents the first application of high-resolution X-ray synchrotron tomography to the imaging of large microvascular networks in biological tissue samples. This technique offers the opportunity of analysing the full three-dimensional vascular network from the micrometre to the millimetre scale. This paper presents the specific sample preparation(More)
UNLABELLED The ultrasonic axial transmission technique allows for investigating skeletal sites such as the cortical layer of long bones (radius, tibia, phalanges). Using synchrotron radiation microCT, we investigated, in vitro, the relationships between 1-MHz axial transmission SOS measurements at the radius and site-matched measurements of C.Th, POR, MIN,(More)
Paleontologists are quite recent newcomers among the users of X-ray synchrotron imaging techniques at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF). Studies of the external morphological characteristics of a fossil organism are not sufficient to extract all the information for a paleontological study. Nowadays observations of internal structures become(More)
Synchrotron-generated X-rays provide scientists with a multitude of investigative techniques well suited for the analysis of the composition and structure of all types of materials and specimens. Here, we describe the properties of synchrotron-generated X-rays and the advantages that they provide for qualitative morphological research of millimetre-sized(More)
Tomographic techniques are attractive for the investigation of trabecular bone architecture. Using either conventional X-ray sources or synchrotron sources currently allows the acquisition of 3D images in a wide range of spatial resolution that may be as small as a few micrometers. Since it is technically possible to examine trabecular architecture at(More)
We studied normal and tumorous three-dimensional (3D) microvascular networks in primate and rat brain. Tissues were prepared following a new preparation technique intended for high-resolution synchrotron tomography of microvascular networks. The resulting 3D images with a spatial resolution of less than the minimum capillary diameter permit a complete(More)
We investigate the three-dimensional (3-D) organization of mineralized collagen fibrils in human cortical bone based on synchrotron X-ray phase nano-tomography images. In lamellar bone the collagen fibrils are assumed to have a plywood-like arrangement, but due to experimental limitations the 3-D fibril structure has only been deduced from section surfaces(More)
Two x-ray phase contrast imaging techniques are compared in a quantitative way for future mammographic applications: diffraction enhanced imaging (DEI) and phase propagation imaging (PPI). DEI involves, downstream of the sample, an analyser crystal acting as an angular filter for x-rays refracted by the sample. PPI simply uses the propagation (Fresnel(More)