Peter Clinch

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Contingent Valuation is now the most widely used method for valuing non-marketed goods in cost benefit analysis. Yet, despite the fact that many externalities manifest themselves as costs to some and benefits to others, most studies restrict willingness to pay (WTP) to being non-negative. This paper explores appropriate welfare measures for assessing losses(More)
We have devised an advanced computer-controlled system (ADEPT) for the objective evaluation of endoscopic task performance. The system’s hardware consists of a dual gimbal mechanism that accepts a variety of 5.0-mm standard endoscopic instruments for manipulation in a precisely mapped and enclosed work space. The target object consists of a sprung base(More)
Background: There is little reported information on psychomotor performance in relation to minimal access surgery (MAS). Methods: A microprocessor-controlled endoscopic psychomotor tester (the Dundee Endoscopic Psychomotor Tester—DEPT) has been developed to evaluate psychomotor aspects of MAS. Experiments were conducted on 20 medical undergraduates to(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to compare the psychomotor aptitudes relevant to endoscopic manipulations between right-handed and left-handed subjects. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA There has been little research on the psychomotor performance in relation to minimal access surgery and there are no psychomotor tests to evaluate aspects of psychomotor(More)
This paper presents a comprehensive theoretical and methodological framework clarifying the relationship between non-market environmental valuation techniques, in particular hedonic and life-satisfaction methods. The paper shows how life-satisfaction scores can be used to test correctly the equilibrium condition in location markets required by the hedonic(More)
Fuel poverty has generally been calculated by quantifying the number of households spending in excess of 10% of income on home heating. This definition has a number of significant practical and scientific limitations. This paper employs self-reported data to calculate the severity of fuel poverty in Ireland to identify chronic fuel-poor households from(More)
The most common definition of Environmental Tax Reform (ETR) is the use of the revenue from environmental taxes to reduce distortionary labour taxes. However, the PETRAS project has shown that there are a number of social and political impediments to implementing such reform. This paper firstly outlines some of the environmental and economic implications of(More)
•Where can I locate in the UK the most extensive collection of the current legislation for the Cayman Islands? • Which library has a comprehensive set of the World Trade Organisation International Trade Law Reports? •Where can I find verbatim debates on bills as they pass through the New Zealand House of Representatives? • Where are good collections of(More)
Self-reported measures of health and well-being have increasingly been proposed to make comparisons among countries or geographical regions and ranking quality of life. Such studies typically neglect the effect of spatial heterogeneity and reference scale differences among respondents. If one wants to improve interpersonal and country comparability,(More)
In recent years, economists have being using socio-economic and socio-demographic characteristics to explain self-reported individual happiness or satisfaction with life. Using Geographical Information Systems (GIS), we employ data disaggregated at the individual and local level to show that while these variables are important, consideration of amenities(More)