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The purpose of this study was to engineer a bivalent single-chain anticarcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) antibody and an interleukin 2 (IL-2) fusion protein derivative for selective tumor targeting of cytokines. The variable domains of a high affinity anti-CEA antibody, T84.66, were used to form a single-gene-encoded antibody [single-chain variable fragment(More)
A phase II trial of continuous oral therapy with UFT, a combination of uracil and the 5-fluorouracil analogue 1-(2-tetrahydrofuryl)-5-fluorouracil (Futraful, Ftorafur), was conducted in 40 patients with advanced colorectal cancer and 18 patients with advanced gastric cancer. Six partial responses were seen in the 36 evaluable patients with colorectal cancer(More)
BACKGROUND Campylobacter jejuni, the commonest cause of bacterial diarrhoea worldwide, can also induce colonic inflammation. To understand how a previously identified heat stable component contributes to pro-inflammatory responses we used microarray and real-time quantitative PCR to investigate the transcriptional response to a boiled cell extract of(More)
Toxicity associated with high-dose recombinant interleukin 2 (rIL-2) therapy simulates a sepsis syndrome, but the mechanism remains unclear. We hypothesised that translocated gut-origin bacteria may be important. Fifty-one male rats were randomised to receive rIL-2 by intraperitoneal injection at doses (IU) of 10(5) (n = 15), 10(4) (n = 8), 10(3) (n = 8) or(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES In the United States, chest radiographs are performed on patients with positive tuberculin skin test (TST) results. It is not known whether, in addition to a single posteroanterior radiograph, a lateral chest radiograph is clinically indicated or cost-effective. We sought to determine the utility of the lateral chest radiograph in(More)
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