Peter Christopher Konturek

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Ghrelin, identified in the gastric mucosa has been involved in control of food intake and growth hormone (GH) release but little is known about its influence on gastric secretion and mucosal integrity. The effects of ghrelin on gastric secretion, plasma gastrin and gastric lesions induced in rats by 75% ethanol or 3.5 h of water immersion and restraint(More)
Obesity is one of the most common metabolic diseases and the greatest threats of the health because of possibility of numerous complications. In order to design effective drugs or apply the helpful surgical procedure it is essential to understand physiology of appetite control and pathophysiology of obesity. According to the first law of thermodynamics, the(More)
CCK exhibits a potent cytoprotective activity against acute gastric lesions, but its role in ulcer healing has been little examined. In this study we determined whether exogenous CCK or endogenously released CCK by camostate, an inhibitor of luminal proteases, or by the diversion of pancreatico-biliary secretion from the duodenum, could affect ulcer(More)
Prostaglandins (PG) derived from COX-1 play an important role in the maintenance of mucosal integrity but the role of COX-2-derived products in mucosal defence mechanism has not been fully explained. Mild stress is known to prevent gastric mucosal lesions induced by severe stress via the phenomenon of adaptive cytoprotection but it remains unknown which COX(More)
The current scientific literature is replete with investigations providing information on the molecular mechanisms governing the regulation of circadian rhythms by neurons in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), the master circadian generator. Virtually every function in an organism changes in a highly regular manner during every 24-hour period. These rhythms(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies suggest that adipose tissue hormones are involved in the pathogenesis of obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS). The role of leptin, obestatin and apelin still needs to be established. MATERIAL/METHODS Ten patients with newly diagnosed OSAS (AHI >10/h and ESS >10 points) were enrolled in the study as well as ten healthy(More)
The repair of damaged gastric mucosa is a complex process involving prostaglandins (PG) and mucosal growth factors such as epidermal growth factor (EGF). Recently, we postulated that the increased occurrence of apoptosis in the gastric epithelium might be of pathophysiological importance in the development of stress lesions. The aim of the present study was(More)
Stress is known to induce gastric ulcerations but the mechanism of their healing has been little studied. This paper describes the studies on mucosal expression and the effect on ulcer healing of spasmolytic peptide (SP), one of the members of the trefoil peptide family. Gastric ulcerations were induced in rats by the exposition to 3.5 h of water immersion(More)
Leptin, a 16 kDa protein encoded by the ob gene, is known mainly for its role in the regulation of food intake, body composition and energy expenditure through a central feedback mechanism. Initially leptin was considered as an ob gene product of adipocytes but recently the presence of leptin and its receptors have been revealed in other organs including(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown that administration of ghrelin exhibits protective and therapeutic effects in the gut. The aim of the present investigation was to examine the influence of ghrelin administration on the course of cysteamine-induced duodenal ulcers, as well as effects on mucosal production of oxygen free radicals and duodenal(More)