Peter Christopher Hindmarsh

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During early mouse development the homeobox gene Hesx1 is expressed in prospective forebrain tissue, but later becomes restricted to Rathke's pouch, the primordium of the anterior pituitary gland. Mice lacking Hesx1 exhibit variable anterior CNS defects and pituitary dysplasia. Mutants have a reduced prosencephalon, anopthalmia or micropthalmia, defective(More)
We describe the performance of a new, self-assessment questionnaire that aims to measure pubertal status by using gender-specific line drawings of the Tanner puberty stages. The study was carried out on 103 children aged 12-16 years attending a paediatric endocrinology outpatient clinic and used physical examination by clinic doctors as the 'gold standard'.(More)
Toy choices of 3- to 10-year-old children with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) and of their unaffected siblings were assessed. Also assessed was parental encouragement of sex-typed toy play. Girls with CAH displayed more male-typical toy choices than did their unaffected sisters, whereas boys with and without CAH did not differ. Mothers and fathers(More)
CONTEXT The GnRH receptor plays a central role in regulating gonadotropin synthesis and release, and several mutations in the GNRHR gene have been reported in patients with idiopathic or familial forms of isolated hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH). OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to investigate whether partial loss-of-function mutations in the(More)
AIMS To assess prevalence of the insulin resistance syndrome (IRS: obesity, abnormal glucose homoeostasis, dyslipidaemia, and hypertension) in obese UK children and adolescents of different ethnicities and to assess whether fasting data is sufficient to identify IRS in childhood obesity. METHODS A total of 103 obese (BMI >95th centile) children and(More)
We have studied the long-term endocrine effects of treatment on 144 children treated for brain tumours. All received cranial irradiation, 86 also received spinal irradiation and 34 chemotherapy. Almost all patients (140 of 144) had evidence of growth hormone insufficiency. Treatment with growth hormone was effective in maintaining normal growth but could(More)
BACKGROUND Classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is characterized by a defect in cortisol and aldosterone secretion, adrenal hyperandrogenism, impaired adrenal medullary function and insulin insensitivity. The latter along with the increased tendency towards obesity raises questions whether other cardiovascular risk factors are altered in CAH. (More)
Urinary protein and calcium excretion were assessed in 77 patients with the hepatic glycogen storage diseases (GSD): 30 with GSD-I (median age 12.4 years, range 3.2–32.9 years), 25 with GSD-III (median age 10.5 years, range 4.2–31.3 years) and 22 with GSD-IX (median age 11.8 years, range 1.2–35.4 years). Inulin (C inulin) and para-aminohippuric acid (C PAH)(More)
BACKGROUND The feasibility, safety, and efficacy of prolonged use of an artificial beta cell (closed-loop insulin-delivery system) in the home setting have not been established. METHODS In two multicenter, crossover, randomized, controlled studies conducted under free-living home conditions, we compared closed-loop insulin delivery with sensor-augmented(More)
Mutations in the tyrosine kinase domain of fibroblast growth factor receptor gene (FGFR3) have been described in some cases of hypochondroplasia (Hch). We screened 65 children with Hch diagnosed by clinical and radiologic criteria for 2 previously described mutations, C1620A and C1620C in FGFR3; 28 (43%) of 65 patients were heterozygous for the C1620A(More)