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The presence of a nitrogen atom, charged at physiological pH, has frequently been considered to be a hallmark of P-glycoprotein (PGP) inhibitors, although certain steroids, such as progesterone, lack a nitrogen atom and still are active modulators of PGP. The present study was aimed at investigating the role the nitrogen atom plays in the activity of PGP(More)
Validation of the sensitivity of the SYBR Green I in vitro test against an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)-based drug sensitivity assay. Our results suggest that the SYBR Green I assay is a fast and inexpensive malaria drug screening assay for laboratory use. However, because of its lack of sensitivity in whole blood samples its usefulness for(More)
The sodium channel blocker propafenone and a series of analogs have been identified as effective modulators of P-glyco-protein-mediated multidrug resistance in human tumor cells. A series of closely related structural homologues showed a highly significant correlation between lipophilicity and pharmacological effect. Reduction of the carbonyl group as well(More)
Propafenone analogs (PAs) were previously identified as potent inhibitors of P-glycoprotein (Pgp)-mediated toxin efflux. For this as well as other classes of Pgp inhibitors, lipophilicity as well as hydrogen bond acceptor strength are important determinants of biological activity. The question as to whether a direct interaction between PA-type modulators(More)
KP1019 [indazolium trans-[tetrachlorobis(1H-indazole)ruthenate (III)] (FFC14A) is a metal complex with promising anticancer activity. Since chemoresistance is a major obstacle in chemotherapy, this study investigated the influence of several drug resistance mechanisms on the anticancer activity of KP1019. Here we demonstrate that the cytotoxic effects of(More)
A series of [(o-acylaryl)oxy]propanolamines have been prepared and evaluated for multidrug resistance-reverting activity in a human tumor cell model. Structure-activity relationship studies indicate that the phenylpropiophenone moiety as well as the substitution pattern at the nitrogen atom is crucial for activity of the compounds. Incorporation of the(More)
Recently, we have introduced [tris(1,10-phenanthroline)lanthanum(III)] trithiocyanate (KP772, FFC24) as a new lanthanum compound which has promising anticancer properties in vivo and in vitro. Aim of this study was to investigate the impact of ABC transporter-mediated multidrug resistance (MDR) on the anticancer activity of KP772. Here, we demonstrate that(More)
P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is an energy-dependent multidrug efflux pump conferring resistance to cancer chemotherapy. Characterization of the mechanism of drug transport at a molecular level represents an important prerequisite for the design of pump inhibitors, which resensitize cancer cells to standard chemotherapy. In addition, P-glycoprotein plays an(More)
Since the late 1980s computational methods such as quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) and pharmacophore approaches have become more widely applied to assess interactions between drug-like molecules and transporters, starting with P-glycoprotein (P-gp). Identifying molecules that interact with P-gp and other transporters is important for(More)
AIMS In vivo application of the K(ATP)-channel blocker glibenclamide can reverse endotoxin-induced hypotension, vascular hyporeactivity and shock in experimental animals. The hypothesis of the present study is, that the drug effects might not only be based on direct inhibition of K(ATP)-channels of vascular smooth muscle cells, but might also reflect(More)