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The presence of a nitrogen atom, charged at physiological pH, has frequently been considered to be a hallmark of P-glycoprotein (PGP) inhibitors, although certain steroids, such as progesterone, lack a nitrogen atom and still are active modulators of PGP. The present study was aimed at investigating the role the nitrogen atom plays in the activity of PGP(More)
The sodium channel blocker propafenone and a series of analogs have been identified as effective modulators of P-glyco-protein-mediated multidrug resistance in human tumor cells. A series of closely related structural homologues showed a highly significant correlation between lipophilicity and pharmacological effect. Reduction of the carbonyl group as well(More)
A series of dihydrobenzopyrans and tetrahydroquinolines was synthesized and pharmacologically tested for their ability to inhibit P-glycoprotein mediated daunomycin efflux in multidrug resistant CCRF-CEM vcr1000 cells. Several compounds exhibit activities in the range of the reference compounds verapamil and propafenone. Preliminary structure-activity(More)
Propafenone analogs (PAs) were previously identified as potent inhibitors of P-glycoprotein (Pgp)-mediated toxin efflux. For this as well as other classes of Pgp inhibitors, lipophilicity as well as hydrogen bond acceptor strength are important determinants of biological activity. The question as to whether a direct interaction between PA-type modulators(More)
Human rhinoviruses (HRVs) are composed of 60 identical subunits, each comprising one copy of the viral capsid proteins VP1, 2, 3, and 4. Consequently, 60 symmetry-related epitopes are available for binding of antibodies or receptors. The minor receptor group of HRVs uses members of the low-density lipoprotein receptor family for cell entry. The ligand(More)
Terminal erythropoiesis is accompanied by extreme demand for iron to ensure proper hemoglobinization. Thus, erythroblasts must modify the "standard" post-transcriptional feedback regulation, balancing expression of ferritin (Fer; iron storage) versus transferrin receptor (TfR1; iron uptake) via specific mRNA binding of iron regulatory proteins (IRPs).(More)
OBJECTIVE Al(3+) stimulates Fe(2+) induced lipid oxidation in liposomal and cellular systems. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation may render the particle atherogenic. As elevated levels of Al(3+) and increased lipid oxidation of LDL are found in sera of hemodialysis patients, we investigated the influence of Al(3+) on LDL oxidation. MATERIALS AND(More)
Tumours, which are initially sensitive to cytotoxic agents, often develop resistance to a broad spectrum of structurally unrelated drugs. The 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors have been shown to inhibit ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters but have also impact on glycosylation of such proteins. Doxorubicin is a(More)
Structural and biochemical studies of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters suggest that an ATP-driven dimerization of the nucleotide-binding domains (NBDs) is an important reaction intermediate of the transport cycle. Moreover, an asymmetric occlusion of ATP at one of the two ATP sites of P-glycoprotein (Pgp) may follow the formation of the symmetric(More)
A series of 48 propafenone-type modulators of multidrug resistance was synthesized and their P-glycoprotein inhibitory activity was measured using the daunomycin efflux assay. Both a Free-Wilson and a combined Hansch/Free-Wilson analysis were performed using log P, partial log P and molar refraction values as Hansch descriptors. The results of the(More)