Peter Charters

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Ten healthy volunteers underwent direct laryngoscopy using topical anaesthesia and a curved Macintosh laryngoscope blade. A lateral x-ray was performed during laryngoscopy in a standard intubating position. In this position the lower neck was relatively straight and increasing curvature occurred from the mid cervical spine upwards. Extension at the(More)
The ventilation-exchange bougie is a new airway device which can be mounted on a fibreoptic laryngoscope for passage through the larynx into the trachea via a laryngeal mask airway. Subsequent removal of the fibreoptic laryngoscope and laryngeal mask airway allows a tracheal tube to be railroaded into position over the ventilation-exchange bougie. This(More)
Nasal patency was measured by five techniques in 24 subjects and the results compared. In addition three pulmonary parameters were measured as well as height and weight. Nasal resistance to airflow measured by active anterior rhinomanometry was found to be highly correlated with peak nasal inspiratory flow rate. Other correlations were also noted. Peak(More)
This paper describes a three-dimensional finite element model of the human upper airways during rigid laryngoscopy. In this procedure, an anaesthetist uses a rigid blade to displace and compress the tongue of the patient, and then inserts a tube into the larynx to allow controlled ventilation of the lungs during an operation. A realistic model of the main(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effectiveness of two grading systems used to predict surgical outcome in nonapneic snorers. STUDY DESIGN A prospective observational study. Prior to undergoing palatal surgery, 20 patients completed a sleep nasendoscopic examination involving sequential steady-state sedation with intravenous propofol. Using a combination of(More)
  • Peter Charters
  • Nursing standard (Royal College of Nursing (Great…
  • 1999
This research study demonstrates the necessity for mental health nurses and allied clinical staff to be conscious that their clients may have spiritual and religious needs. A comprehensive assessment of these religious and spiritual needs should be standard practice, and multidisciplinary liaison and utilisation of chaplaincy resources are essential.
This paper reports the outcome after carbon monoxide poisoning in 31 consecutive patients treated with mechanical ventilation and hyperbaric oxygen therapy, compared with another study of mechanically ventilated patients treated with normobaric oxygen. We found 16.1% hospital mortality and 3.8% severe short-term memory loss, compared with 30% hospital(More)
The term 'dedicated airway' was first used in connection with nasal fibreoptic intubations using the cuffed nasopharyngeal airway. Since that time, the concept has developed and the term has been extended to include fibreoptic intubation techniques involving both the laryngeal mask airway and cuffed oropharyngeal airway. 'Dedicated airway' can now be(More)
Study of patients who exhibit only limited morphological abnormality yet present difficulty with direct laryngoscopy is facilitated by a standard intubating position. The "Angle Finder" instrument allows implementation of a simple reproducible geometric standard which is applied easily in formal research work and in clinical practice and teaching. The(More)
Laryngoscope blade design has tended to be relatively arbitrary and so far scientific analysis has not allowed useful comparisons between blade shapes. A new theoretical method of analysing laryngoscope blades is introduced and uses the depth of insertion profiles of two angular measurements. One represents eyeline displacement and the other the forward(More)