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BACKGROUND In female-to-male transsexuals, the first surgical procedure in their reassignment surgery consists of the subcutaneous mastectomy. The goals of subcutaneous mastectomy are removal of breast tissue, removal of excess skin, reduction and proper positioning of the nipple and areola, and ideally, minimization of chest-wall scars. The authors present(More)
LEARNING OBJECTIVES After studying this article, the participant should be able to discuss: 1. The terminology related to male-to-female gender dysphoria. 2. The different theories regarding cause, epidemiology, and treatment of gender dysphoria. 3. The surgical goals of sex reassignment surgery in male-to-female transsexualism. 4. The surgical techniques(More)
In female-to-male transsexuals, the operative procedures are usually performed in different stages: first the subcutaneous mastectomy which is often combined with a hysterectomy-ovarectomy (endoscopically assisted). The next operative procedure consists of the genital transformation and includes a vaginectomy, a reconstruction of the horizontal part of the(More)
BACKGROUND Tactile and erogenous sensitivity in reconstructed genitals is one of the goals in sex reassignment surgery. Since November 1993 until April 2003, a total of 105 phalloplasties with the radial forearm free flap and 127 vaginoclitoridoplasties with the inverted penoscrotal skin flap and the dorsal glans pedicled flap have been performed at Ghent(More)
BACKGROUND Many methods and many free or pedicled flaps have been used in phalloplasty. None of these techniques is able to completely fulfill the well described goals in penile reconstruction. Still, the radial forearm glap is currently the most frequently used flap and thus universally considered the gold standard. PATIENTS AND METHODS Since 1992, we(More)
PURPOSE The combination of a neourethra and erection prosthesis in a single neophallus in the female-to-male transsexual remains a challenge. The outcome reported in the literature is disappointing. We report our experience with 35 patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS Between August 1996 and December 2001, 35 patients underwent implantation surgery. A 1-piece(More)
BACKGROUND The ideal goals in penile reconstruction are well described, but the multitude of flaps used for phalloplasty only demonstrates that none of these techniques is considered ideal. Still, the radial forearm flap is the most frequently used flap and universally considered as the standard technique. METHODS In this article, the authors describe the(More)
Epithelioid sarcoma (ES) of the penis is a rare tumour. We present a case of ES of the penis in a 16-yr-old boy, for which penectomy and immediate reconstruction with a free forearm phalloplasty, including a urethral reconstruction, was performed. Because total penectomy is a dramatic life event for any patient, the option of immediate penile reconstruction(More)