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We performed a genome-wide association scan to search for sequence variants conferring risk of prostate cancer using 1,501 Icelandic men with prostate cancer and 11,290 controls. Follow-up studies involving three additional case-control groups replicated an association of two variants on chromosome 17 with the disease. These two variants, 33 Mb apart, fall(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of compliance and periodic telephone counselling by a pharmacist on mortality in patients receiving polypharmacy. DESIGN Two year randomised controlled trial. SETTING Hospital medical clinic. PARTICIPANTS 502 of 1011 patients receiving five or more drugs for chronic disease found to be non-compliant at the(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes reduces life expectancy by 10 to 12 years, but whether death can be predicted in type 2 diabetes mellitus remains uncertain. METHODS A prospective cohort of 7583 type 2 diabetic patients enrolled since 1995 were censored on July 30, 2005, or after 6 years of follow-up, whichever came first. A restricted cubic spline model was used to(More)
It is widely accepted that human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP) aggregation plays an important role in the loss of insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells. hIAPP-induced cytotoxicity is mediated by generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Phycocyanin (PC) is a natural compound from blue-green algae that is widely used as food supplement. Currently,(More)
BACKGROUND The risk association between low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and cancer remains controversial and largely unexplored for people not receiving statin therapy. METHODS We examined the risk association between LDL cholesterol and cancer among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who were free of cancer at enrolment and whose statin use(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetic nephropathy represents a heterogeneous group of renal pathologies that may be associated with genetic susceptibility. There have been clinical reports on the risk association of diabetic nephropathy with an apolipoprotein E (ApoE) exon 4 polymorphism although its correlations with renal histopathological changes have not been explored.(More)
The amyloid hypothesis of type 2 diabetes mellitus postulates that elevated levels of normally expressed monomeric proteins of human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP) trigger oligomerization that independently causes fibril formation and disease progression. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the existence of amyloid oligomers in human pancreatic(More)
For more than a decade, insulin resistance has been proposed as the key linking factor for the metabolic syndrome disease cluster of glucose intolerance, hypertension, dyslipidemia, obesity, and cardiovascular disease. Although most of the epidemiological, experimental, and clinical evidence still support the role of insulin resistance as an important(More)
Vinegar is a traditional remedy for ailments including diabetes. This study was conducted to investigate the beneficial effects of vinegar in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. STZ-induced diabetic rats were orally administered with white rice vinegar (WRV, 2 ml/kg body weight per day, n = 6) or with an equal volume of drinking water (n = 6) for 1(More)
This study was performed to examine the effect of chronic renal impairment and renin-angiotensin system (RAS) activation induced by unilateral nephrectomy (UNX) on the development of pancreatic islet β-cell deficit and glucose intolerance. Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into three groups: untreated UNX (n = 10), UNX treated with the(More)