Peter C Winlove

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Since its invention in the mid 1980s atomic force microscopy has revolutionised the way in which surfaces can be imaged. Close to atomic resolution has been achieved for some materials and numerous images of molecules on surfaces have been recorded. Atomic force microscopy has also been of benefit to biology where protein molecules on surfaces have been(More)
Elastic fibres have been revealed by both elastin immunostaining and conventional histological orcein-staining in the intervertebral discs of the bovine tail. These fibres are distributed in all regions of the disc but their organization varies from region to region. In the centre of the nucleus, long (> 150 microm) elastic fibres are orientated radially.(More)
A combination of two-photon fluorescence (TPF), second harmonic generation (SHG) and coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) imaging has been used to investigate the elastin fibre network in healthy equine articular cartilage from the metacarpophalangeal joint. The elastin fibres were identified using their intrinsic two-photon fluorescence and(More)
Fibroblasts adhere to, and readily grow into, fibrin clots that form as a result of the cleavage of fibrinogen by thrombin. Subsequent fibroblast replication is believed to be stimulated by mitogens released by entrapped platelets, such as platelet-derived growth factor. We suggest that the supernatant remaining after the fibrinogen-thrombin reaction could(More)
OBJECTIVE The contribution of local VEGF production and subsequent angiogenesis within the synovial membrane to the propagation of arthritis is unclear. The relationship between synovial oxygenation and blood flow in the development of arthritic disease is unknown. We have therefore measured oxygen levels and perfusion rates in the synovial space in a(More)
An extracorporeal liver support system will require that liver cells maintain their normal differentiated function. This is more likely to be achieved utilizing a three-dimensional culture configuration rather than a simple monolayer culture. We present data on a human liver cell line attached and maintained on different three-dimensional supports, porous(More)
This study was performed to determine whether anatomical recurrence of cystocoele 1 year after anterior vaginal repair is related to biomechanical properties and/or the content of collagen in the vaginal wall and epithelial tissues. In this prospective, observational study in a UK teaching hospital, we assessed women undergoing surgery for symptomatic(More)
The Langmuir trough approach to the study of the physical properties of an in vitro system representing the natural tear lipid-aqueous interface gives useful information on the effect produced by changes of composition of both phases. We found that variations of the composition of the lipid mixture affect more strongly the characteristics of the film rather(More)
Raman microspectroscopy has been used to investigate the structure of alpha-elastin and fibrous elastin from ligament and aorta, and to explore changes associated with mechanical strain and temperature. Although no vibrational modes associated with cross-linking of the fibers could be identified, the secondary structure of dehydrated fibrous elastin was(More)
UNLABELLED The intervertebral disc is a multicomposite structure, with an outer fibrous ring, the annulus fibrosus, retaining a gel-like core, the nucleus pulposus. The disc presents complex mechanical behaviour, and it is of high importance for spine biomechanics. Advances in multiscale modelling and disc repair raised a need for new quantitative data on(More)