Peter C. Uden

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A recent human intervention trial showed that daily supplementation with selenized yeast (Se-yeast) led to a decrease in the overall cancer morbidity and mortality by nearly 50%; past research has also demonstrated that selenized garlic (Se-garlic) is very effective in mammary cancer chemoprevention in the rat model. The goal of this study was to compare(More)
Selenium-enriched plants, such as hyperaccumulative phytoremediation plants (Astragalus praleongus, 517 micrograms g-1 Se, and Brassica juncea, 138 micrograms g-1 Se in dry sample), yeast (1200, 1922 and 2100, micrograms g-1 Se in dry sample), ramp (Allium tricoccum, 48, 77, 230, 252, 405 and 524 micrograms g-1 Se in dry sample), onion (Allium cepa, 96 and(More)
The formation of nonvolatile chloroorganics produced during the aqueous chlorination of humic substances was followed qualitatively and quantitatively. The effects of reaction time, NaOCl to C ratio, pH, and source of humic material were studied with respect to the quantitative formation of chloroform, dichloroacetic acid, trichloroacetic acid, and chloral(More)
Ramps (Allium tricoccum) were grown either in a mixture of vermiculite and peat moss or hydroponically with various concentrations of selenium as sodium selenate. The concentrations used were from 30 to 300 mg of selenium/kg of vermiculite-peat moss or from 10 to 120 mg/L in the hydroponic solutions. Levels as high as 784 mg of selenium/kg were obtained in(More)
Selenium-accumulating plants such as Brassica juncea (Indian mustard) concentrate the element in plant shoots and roots. Such behavior may provide a cost-effective technology to clean up contaminated soils and waters that pose major environmental and human health problems (phytoremediation). Such ability to transform selenium into bioactive compounds has(More)
A method has been developed for the determination of 23 elements in marine plankton in which inductively coupled plasma (ICP) source mass spectrometry (MS) was used to quantify the elements in the solution after digestion in a mixture of hydrofluoric and nitric acids in sealed PTFE vessels in a microwave field. The procedure was validated by the analysis of(More)
Oxalate has been implicated in the etiology of nephrocalcinosis in premature infants as well as in the formation of insoluble precipitates in total parenteral nutrition (TPN) intravenous tubing. Oxidation of ascorbate to oxalate, especially in the presence of catalysts such as copper and iron, has been implicated in formation of these precipitates. The(More)
The complexity of selenium (Se) chemistry in the environment and in living organisms presents broad analytical challenges. The selective qualitative and quantitative determination of particular species of this element is vital in order to understand selenium's metabolism and significance in biology, toxicology, clinical chemistry and nutrition. This calls(More)
Cysteine dioxygenase (CDO, EC 1.13.11.20) catalyzes the oxidation of cysteine to cysteine sulfinic acid, which is the first major step in cysteine catabolism in mammalian tissues. Rat liver CDO was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli as a 26.8-kDa N-terminal fusion protein bearing a polyhistidine tag. Purification by immobilized metal affinity(More)
As part of an ongoing study to identify selenium compounds with cancer chemopreventive activity, extracts of selenium-enriched samples were analyzed by HPLC-inductively coupled plasma (ICP)-MS. Ion-exchange, ion pair and derivatization methods for reversed-phase HPLC were considered and advantages and disadvantages for each compared. Anion exchange allows(More)