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CONTEXT Although violence among US youth is a current major concern, bullying is infrequently addressed and no national data on the prevalence of bullying are available. OBJECTIVES To measure the prevalence of bullying behaviors among US youth and to determine the association of bullying and being bullied with indicators of psychosocial adjustment,(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence, risk factors, and risk behaviors associated with depressive symptoms in a nationally representative, cross-sectional sample of young adolescents. DESIGN A school-based survey collected through self-administered questionnaires in grades 6, 8, and 10 in 1996. SETTING Schools in the United States. PARTICIPANTS 9863(More)
BACKGROUND There have been no large-scale international comparisons on bullying and health among adolescents. This study examined the association between bullying and physical and psychological symptoms among adolescents in 28 countries. METHODS This international cross-sectional survey included 123,227 students 11, 13 and 15 years of age from a(More)
BACKGROUND Data on the prevalence and co-occurrence of multiple somatic symptoms among US adolescent females as they are influenced by sociodemographic, behavioral, and environmental factors is limited. OBJECTIVES To describe the health status of adolescent US females measured by the prevalence, frequency, and co-occurrence of headache, stomachache,(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the extent to which bullying and being bullied, both in and away from school, is associated with involvement in violent behavior. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS A US representative cross-sectional sample of 15 686 students in grades 6 through 10 in public and private schools completed the World Health Organization's Health(More)
BACKGROUND Violent behavior among adolescents is a significant problem worldwide, and a cross-national comparison of adolescent violent behaviors can provide information about the development and pattern of physical violence in young adolescents. OBJECTIVES To determine and compare frequencies of adolescent violence-related behaviors in 5 countries and to(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple risk behavior plays an important role in the social etiology of youth injury, yet the consistency of this observation has not been examined multinationally. OBJECTIVE To examine reports from young people in 12 countries, by country, age group, sex, and injury type, to quantify the strength and consistency of this association. SETTING(More)
OBJECTIVES This study used a recent national population survey on childhood and adolescent non-fatal injuries to investigate the effects of recall bias on estimating annual injury rates. Strategies to adjust for recall bias are recommended. METHODS The 1988 Child Health Supplement to the National Health Interview Survey collected 12-month recall(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the causes and circumstances of conflict leading to assault injury among urban youth seeking care in the emergency department. METHODS The authors conducted in-person and telephone interviews with a convenience sample of 143 youth aged 12-19 years presenting to two urban emergency departments with an interpersonal assault injury.(More)