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Inferring the mental states of other agents, including their goals and intentions, is a central problem in cognition. A critical aspect of this problem is that one cannot observe mental states directly, but must infer them from observable actions. To study the computational mechanisms underlying this inference, we created a two-dimensional virtual(More)
Using synthetic faces that varied along four perceptual dimensions (Wilson, Loffler, & Wilkinson, 2002), we examined the effects of face similarity on memory for face-name associations. The nature of these stimuli allowed us to go beyond the categorical similarity manipulations used in previous verbal associative memory studies to trace out the parametric(More)
The ability to infer the intentions of other agents on the basis of their motion is a critical psychological faculty. In the present study, we examine a key question underlying this process, namely: What are the psychologically natural categories of intentional agents and actions? To investigate this question empirically, we use displays containing a number(More)
Comprehension of goal-directed, intentional motion is an important but understudied visual function. To study it, we created a two-dimensional virtual environment populated by independently-programmed autonomous virtual agents, which navigate the environment, collecting food and competing with one another. Their behavior is modulated by a small number of(More)
People with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often have difficulty comprehending social situations in the complex, dynamic contexts encountered in the real world. To study the social brain under conditions which approximate naturalistic situations, we measured brain activity with FUNCTIONAL MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING: while participants watched a full-length(More)
  • Andrew Adams, Michael J. Balzano, +22 authors Igor Volynets
  • 2006
Gram on behalf of the New York Civil Liberties Union, a non-partisan organization dedicated to preserving and defending the principles set forth in the Bill of Rights. It was designed by Michael J. Balzano, who generously donated his time. Sought treatment from a psychiatrist? Had a drink at a gay bar? Visited a fertility clinic? Met a friend for a private(More)
Mass Screening seems to be the only promising way to discover breast cancer patients at an early and more curable stage and a positive method improving the cost-effectiveness and compliance of mass screening is the use of prognostic factors, to identify the high-risk group, who alone then would be screened. In a 200 women sample, who had undergone screening(More)
The comprehension of dynamically unfolding social situations is made possible by the seamless integration of multimodal information merged with rich intuitions about the thoughts and behaviors of others. We examined how high-functioning adults with autism spectrum disorder and neurotypical controls made a complex social judgment (i.e. rating the social(More)
The interpretation of other agents as intentional actors equipped with mental states has been connected to the attribution of rationality to their behavior. But a workable definition of “rationality” is difficult to formulate in complex situations, where standard normative definitions are difficult to apply. In this study, we explore a notion of rationality(More)