Peter C. M. Molenaar

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At its best, connectivity mapping can offer researchers great insight into how spatially disparate regions of the human brain coordinate activity during brain processing. A recent investigation conducted by Smith and colleagues (2011) on methods for estimating connectivity maps suggested that those which attempt to ascertain the direction of influence among(More)
There has been increasing emphasis in fMRI research on the examination of how regions covary in a distributed neural network. Event-related data designs present a unique challenge to modeling how couplings among regions change in the presence of experimental manipulations. The present paper presents the extended unified SEM (euSEM), a novel approach for(More)
On-center off-surround shunting neural networks are often applied as models for content-address-able memory (CAM), the equilibria being the stored memories. One important demand of biological plausible CAMs is that they function under a broad range of parameters, since several parameters vary due to postnatal maturation or learning. Ellias, Cohen and(More)
Modeling the relationships among brain regions of interest (ROIs) carries unique potential to explicate how the brain orchestrates information processing. However, hurdles arise when using functional MRI data. Variation in ROI activity contains sequential dependencies and shared influences on synchronized activation. Consequently, both lagged and(More)
In electromagnetic source analysis, it is necessary to determine how many sources are required to describe the electroencephalogram or magnetoencephalogram adequately. Model selection procedures (MSPs) or goodness of fit procedures give an estimate of the required number of sources. Existing and new MSPs are evaluated in different source and noise settings:(More)
Description: The essential reference on human development, updated and reconceptualized The Handbook of Child Psychology and Developmental Science , a four–volume reference, is the most comprehensive, authoritative text in the field. First published in 1946, and now in its Seventh Edition, the Handbook has long been considered the definitive guide to the(More)
Several methods [model selection procedures (MSPs)] to determine the number of sources in electroencephalogram (EEG) and magnetoencphalogram (MEG) data have previously been investigated in an instantaneous analysis. In this paper, these MSPs are extended to a spatio-temporal analysis if possible. It is seen that the residual variance (RV) tends to(More)
Interactions between cortical areas are crucial for cognitive functioning. Methods currently in use to assess such interactions are not well suited for this task because they lack timing precision, localization precision, or both. We present a method for simultaneous estimation of source location and orientation parameters and cross-spectral parameters to(More)