Peter C Kulakosky

Learn More
To determine the molecular mechanisms underlying the "cross talk" between the activity of 2,3,7,8-tetra-chlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), which binds to arylhydrocarbon receptor (AHR) and estradiol (E2)-liganded estrogen receptor (ER), we first examined the initial step of estrogen action, ligand binding to ER. None of the AHR ligands tested, i.e. TCDD,(More)
The relationship between estrogen receptor (ER)-estrogen response element (ERE) binding affinity and estradiol (E(2))-induced transcription has not been systematically or quantitatively tested. We examined the influence of ERE palindrome length and the 3' ERE flanking sequence on ERalpha and ERbeta affinity binding in vitro and on the induction of reporter(More)
Steroid hormone/nuclear receptor expression in cultured insect cell lines is routinely driven by a baculovirus vector. An advantage of the baculovirus production of these receptors is that large amounts of functional receptors are obtained for subsequent in vitro studies. Most laboratories produce nuclear receptors in Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf)9 cells.(More)
Estrogens play a critical role in mammary gland development, bone homeostasis, reproduction, and the pathogenesis of breast cancer by activating estrogen receptors (ERs) alpha and beta. Ligand-activated ER stimulates the expression of target proteins by interacting with specific DNA sequences: estrogen response elements (EREs). We have demonstrated that the(More)
The estrogen receptor (ER) is a ligand-activated transcription factor that binds to specific DNA sequences, estrogen response elements (EREs). Estradiol-liganded ER (E2-ER) binds cooperatively to stereoaligned EREs that are surrounded by naturally-occurring AT-rich sequences with a stoichiometry of one E2-ER dimer per ERE. When ER is bound by(More)
  • 1