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In this study, cytokine patterns produced by CD4(+) T cells isolated from antrum or corpus gastral biopsy specimens of 10 patients with Helicobacter pylori-positive gastritis were compared. To this end, expression of intracellular cytokines (interleukin-4 [IL-4] and gamma interferon) and of CD4 was assessed by flow cytometry. Ten to 60% of the isolated(More)
Ghrelin, identified in the gastric mucosa has been involved in control of food intake and growth hormone (GH) release but little is known about its influence on gastric secretion and mucosal integrity. The effects of ghrelin on gastric secretion, plasma gastrin and gastric lesions induced in rats by 75% ethanol or 3.5 h of water immersion and restraint(More)
Stress, which is defined as an acute threat to homeostasis, shows both short- and long-term effects on the functions of the gastrointestinal tract. Exposure to stress results in alterations of the brain-gut interactions ("brain-gut axis") ultimately leading to the development of a broad array of gastrointestinal disorders including inflammatory bowel(More)
Obesity is one of the most common metabolic diseases and the greatest threats of the health because of possibility of numerous complications. In order to design effective drugs or apply the helpful surgical procedure it is essential to understand physiology of appetite control and pathophysiology of obesity. According to the first law of thermodynamics, the(More)
The current scientific literature is replete with investigations providing information on the molecular mechanisms governing the regulation of circadian rhythms by neurons in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), the master circadian generator. Virtually every function in an organism changes in a highly regular manner during every 24-hour period. These rhythms(More)
Prostaglandins (PG) derived from COX-1 play an important role in the maintenance of mucosal integrity but the role of COX-2-derived products in mucosal defence mechanism has not been fully explained. Mild stress is known to prevent gastric mucosal lesions induced by severe stress via the phenomenon of adaptive cytoprotection but it remains unknown which COX(More)
CCK exhibits a potent cytoprotective activity against acute gastric lesions, but its role in ulcer healing has been little examined. In this study we determined whether exogenous CCK or endogenously released CCK by camostate, an inhibitor of luminal proteases, or by the diversion of pancreatico-biliary secretion from the duodenum, could affect ulcer(More)
The repair of damaged gastric mucosa is a complex process involving prostaglandins (PG) and mucosal growth factors such as epidermal growth factor (EGF). Recently, we postulated that the increased occurrence of apoptosis in the gastric epithelium might be of pathophysiological importance in the development of stress lesions. The aim of the present study was(More)
Stress is known to induce gastric ulcerations but the mechanism of their healing has been little studied. This paper describes the studies on mucosal expression and the effect on ulcer healing of spasmolytic peptide (SP), one of the members of the trefoil peptide family. Gastric ulcerations were induced in rats by the exposition to 3.5 h of water immersion(More)
Helicobacter pylori, infecting more than 50% of the world population, results in gastritis, usually located in the antral portion of the stomach, accompanied by hypergastrinemia, the key factor in gastric and colorectal carcinogenesis. Excessive mucosal cell proliferation for many years may eventually result in gastric atrophy, cell mutation and(More)